Her on þisan geare .. Ælfgar biscop se ælmesfulla forðferde on Cristesmæsseuhtan … Feowertig daga ær Criste acennisse, þæt is ær geolum [v.r. gyhhelum]

OE Phoenix 37 Wintres ond sumeres wudu bið gelice bledum gehongen. OE Beowulf 1128 Hengest ða gyt wælfagne winter wunode mid Finne. OE Ælfric De Temporibus Anni (Cambr. Gg.3.28) (2009) x. 94 Durh his [sc. of zephyr] blæd acuciað ealle eorðlice blæda.., & se wind towyrpð & ðawað ælcne winter. OE Anglo-Saxon Chron. (Tiber. B.iv) anno 1021 Her on þisan geare..Ælfgar biscop se ælmesfulla forðferde on Cristesmæsseuhtan.

OE Rule St. Benet (Corpus Cambr.) viii. 32 On wintres timan [a1225 Winteney wintres tyman], þæt is fram þan anginne þæs monðes, þe is nouember gehaten, oþ eastran..on þære eahteþan tide þære nihte is to arisenne. OE Genesis B 370 And moste [ic] ane tid ute weorðan, wesan ane winterstunde. OE King Ælfred tr. Boethius De Consol. Philos. (Bodl.) (2009) I. xxi. 285 On sumera hit bið wearm and on wintra ceald. OE Anglo-Saxon Chron. (Laud) (Peterborough contin.) anno 1127 Ðis gear heald se kyng Heanri his hird æt Cristesmæsse on Windlesoure. OE Anglo-Saxon Chron. (Parker) Introd. Þa feng Ęlfred hiera broþur to rice, & þa was agan his ielde xxiii wintra. OE Possessions, Rents, & Grants, Bury St. Edmunds in A. J. Robertson Anglo-Saxon Charters (1956) 194 Brihtric hæfð.. i mæsseboc & winterrædingboc & sumerboc. OE Fortunes of Men 9 God ana wat hwæt him weaxendum winter bringað. OE On Length of Shadow (Tiber.) in T. O. Cockayne Leechdoms, Wortcunning, & Starcraft (1866) III. 218 On viii kalend Ianuarii þæt byð on cristesmæssedæg byð seo sceadu to underne..seofon & twentigoþan healfes fotes. OE Laws: Rectitudines (Corpus Cambr.) ix. 450 viii pund cornes to mete, i sceap oððe iii pæniga to wintersufle. OE Anglo-Saxon Chron. (Parker) anno 886 Her for se here..up on Sigene & þær wintersetl [OE Tiber. B.i wintersetu] namon. OE Phoenix 18 Ne mæg þær ren ne snaw.., ne sunnan hætu, ne sincaldu, ne wearm weder, ne winterscur wihte gewyrdan. OE Prudentius Glosses (Boulogne 189) in H. D. Meritt Old Eng. Prudentius Glosses (1959) 4 [Sub quo prima dies mihi quam multas] hiemes [uoluerit] : wintras oþþe ger. OE Wulfstan Homily: Be Cristendome (York) in A. S. Napier Wulfstan (1883) 311 Leohtgescot gelæste man be wite to Cristesmæssan and to candelmæssan and to eastron. OE Blickling Homilies 213 Wæs se winter eac þy geare to þæs grim þæt manig man his feorh for cyle gesealde. OE Will of Abba (Sawyer 1482) in N. P. Brooks & S. E. Kelly Charters of Christ Church Canterbury, Pt. 2 (2013) 665 Ten hennfuglas, ðritig teapera gif hit wintres deg sie, sester fulne huniges. OE Maxims II 5 Winter byð cealdost, lencten hrimigost.., sumor sunwlitegost. OE Permission to ring Bells, Exeter in J. Earle Hand-bk. Land-charters (1888) 260 Þat yc..gef leaua ðam munche on Sancte Nicholaus minstre to hringinde hyre tyde be dage & be nihte, hwanne hy efre willat..bute an Cristesmasseniht, & giestersunneue. OE Phoenix 250 Forst ond snaw mid ofermægne eorþan þeccað wintergewædum. OE Wanderer 24 Ic hean þonan wod wintercearig ofer waþena [read waþema] gebind, sohte seledreorig sinces bryttan. OE tr. Orosius Hist. (BL Add.) (1980) i. xiv. 35 Þa Læcedemonia besætan þa burg Mæse x winter.

900 Old Eng. Martyrol. 10 Dec. 216 Se monað ys nemned on leden Decembris ond on ure geþeode se ærra geola. 1175 Ormulum (Burchfield transcript) l. 11254 O sumerr. & onn herrfesst-tid. O winnterr & o lenntenn. 1389 in J. T. Smith & L. T. Smith Eng. Gilds (1870) 103 Ye sunday nest aftere the pyffanye. 1725 H. Bourne Antiquitates Vulgares xv. 141 It was usual for the Bishops of some Churches to sing among their Clergy, in the Episcopal House, which Song was undoubtedly a Christmas-Carol. 1784 Ann. Reg. 1782 Characters 11/1 In Christmas time, all quarters of Naples resound with Pastorali or Siciliane, a kind of simple rural music, executed by..shepherds, upon a species of bag-pipes. 1883 O. A. Reade Plants Bermudas 23 C[assia] bicapsularis (Christmas bush). 1657 R. Tomlinson tr. J. de Renou Medicinal Materials i, in Medicinal Dispensatory sig. Ss3 Marjoram is either impatient of cold, or most patient thereof, the latter is Winter Marjoram which flourishes in the midle of Winter. 1616 W. Shakespeare Timon of Athens (1623) iii. vii. 31 The Swallow followes not Summer more willing, then we your Lordship. Tim. Nor more willingly leaues Winter, such Summer Birds are men. 1578 H. Lyte tr. R. Dodoens Niewe Herball iii. xxvi. 351 It is called in Brabant Heylichkerstcruyt, that is to say, the herbe of Christ or Christmas herbe, bycause it flowreth most commonly about Christmas, especially whan the winter is milde. 1481 W. Caxton tr. Myrrour of Worlde iii. ii. sig. i6v They [sc. sterres] that be vnder vs in the wynter be ouer vs in ye somer. 1602 R. Carew Surv. Cornwall ii. f. 127 A fruitfull veine of land, comprizing certayne parishes, which serueth better then any other place in Cornwall for Winter feeding. 1661 Relig. Hypocritical Presbyterians in J. Brand Pop. Antiq. (1877) I. 294 Three Christmass or Minc’d Pies. 1669 J. Worlidge Systema Agriculturæ vi. 72 In the Spring yielding a reviving Cordial to your Winter-chilled spirit. 1665 J. Rea Flora i. xxvii. 143 We will begin with the black Hellebor, vulgarly called the Christmas Rose, but more properly Helleborus niger verus. 1653 J. Taylor Sence upon Nonsence 7 We’le make the winter of our discontent To force fierce Crook-back into better tune. 1606 J. Sylvester tr. G. de S. Du Bartas Deuine Weekes & Wks. (new ed.) ii. iii. 142 The wide-stradling Mower; That..Cuts-crosse the swaths to Winter-feed his Farme. 1300 Vision St. Paul (Jesus Oxf.) 40 in R. Morris Old Eng. Misc. (1872) 148 Þickure hi hongeþ..Þan don been in wynterstal. 1578 G. Best True Disc. Passage to Cathaya ii. 18 The poore caues and houses of those countrie people..serue them..for their winter dwellings. 1350 in G. L. Brook Harley Lyrics (1968) 43 Away is huere wynter wo. 1395 in J. C. Atkinson Cartularium Abbathiæ de Whiteby (1881) II. 568 De wynterfare..xxvi s. De lentynfare..xi li. x s. ii d. De halfare..xviii s. 1557 Earl of Surrey et al. Songes & Sonettes (new ed.) f. 2v The buck in brake his winter coate he flings. 1664 S. Blake Compl. Gardeners Pract. 14 The striped Crokus and the Safforn Crokus, these are both winter Flowers. 1601 God speede Plough sig. Bv An Acre of ground turned vp before Christmas, so as it may lie in a Winter fallow. 1609 T. Dekker Rauens Almanacke sig. B3v When winter plomes are ripe and ready to be gathered. 1661 T. Fuller Hist. Worthies Eng. (1662) Northumb. 304 It [sc. Yule] is a name general for festivals, as Lammas Yule, &c. 1500 tr. Thomas à Kempis De Imitatione Christi (Trin. Dublin) (1893) 49 (MED) After wynter comeþ somer, and after euene comeþ day.

1552 in R. Adam Edinb. Rec. (1899) I. 71 For the furnessing of the collis to the tolbuyth in the winter cessioun. 1450 Pater Noster Richard Ermyte (Westm. Sch. 3) (1967) 15 (MED) Þis Lord gyueþ vs here for þis wyntir oure deedly body as wyntir robe. 1658 W. Chamberlayne Loves Victory v. 74 More chearfull then the suns society To winter starved Scythians. 1586 Sir P. Sidney Apol. Poetrie (1595) sig. K4 Figures and flowers, extreamelie winter-starued. 1652 H. Hammond Let. Resol. Six Quæres vi. 465 Gula Augusti, or the Yule of August. 1490 W. Caxton tr. Foure Sonnes of Aymon (1885) iii. 83 At crystmasse and at ester, men ought to go vysit and see his good frende. 1389 in J. T. Smith & L. T. Smith Eng. Gilds (1870) 45 Þe thred shal bene þe soneday aftir þe fest of Epiphanie. 1692 A. Wood Athenæ Oxonienses II. 153 The Christmas Prince of St. Joh[n’s] Coll. [Oxford] whom the Juniors have annually..elected from the first foundation of the College. 1577 B. Googe tr. C. Heresbach Foure Bks. Husbandry i. f. 28 Winter Barley..is to be sowed in September. 1673 Siege in W. Davenant Wks. ii. i. 67/2 I tremble like a tender Lamb, In a cold Winter night. 1656 J. Mennes & J. Smith Musarum Deliciæ (ed. 2) 23 Thrice had all New-yeares Guests their yewl guts fill’d With embalm’d Veal, buried in Christmas Past. 1656 W. Coles Art of Simpling xi. 33 The Winter Wolfsbane is called Christmas flower, because it puts forth its blossomes about that time, and so doth the true black Hellebore. 1654 H. Hibbert Waters of Marah 36 Let us not be summer friends, but winter friends. 1537 T. Dorset Let. 13 Mar. (Cleo. E.iv/1) f. 131v He saide in his sermone that god hathe brought the truthe of his worde to light and princis be the ministeris of it to gyue comaundement that it shold goo forward and yet is no thynge regarded and make of hym’ but a Cristmas kyng. 1430 N. Love Mirror Blessed Life (Brasenose e.9) (1908) 54 Of the Epiphanye, that is the open schewynge of oure lord Jesu. 1709 T. Robinson Vindic. Mosaick Syst. 89 in Ess. Nat. Hist. Westmorland & Cumberland Those [creatures] that are Winter-Sleepers, when the Summer warmth abates,..draw to..Winter-Quarters. 1589 W. Warner Albions Eng. (new ed.) v. xxiiii. 108 At Ewle we wonten gambole, daunce, to carrole, and to sing. 1613 T. Heywood Marriage Triumphe sig. D3 Old Winter..still doth goe In a rug gowne ashied with flakes of snow. 1801 A. Mackenzie Voy. from Montreal vi. 84 One of the natives who followed us, called it the Winter Road River. 1837 Brit. Husbandry (Libr. Useful Knowl.) II. v. 65 The labours of winter fallowing, when intended for the preparation of spring crops,..are necessarily more confined in their operation. 1849 J. A. Froude Nemesis of Faith (ed. 2) vii. 48 It is night and day..with all of us, if we want to keep in health. To be sure, now and then there will come a North Pole winter. 1819 Farmer’s Mag. Aug. 336 Spring wheat is put in with the hand-hoe in March, to fill up any blanks that may happen on the winter-sown wheats. 1806 J. Montgomery Wanderer of Switzerland & Other Poems 158 I meet thee by the way..On the winter-wasted wild. 1837 Lady’s Bk. Oct. 188/2 It is a dangerous thing for two young hearts to be launched upon the flood-tide of a winter carnival, in a merry New England village. 1827 J. Clare Shepherd’s Cal. 23 Crab, hip and winter-bitten sloe. 1600 J. Norden Vicissitudo Rerum sig. E2 And men that erst in couert caues did dwell, Like winter sleepers, rouze them from their cell. 1659 R. Pittilloh Scotl. Mourning 7 It is a gross misrepresentation of affairs.., to affirm there is no need of setling these Courts till the time of the downsitting of the winter Session or Terme, in regard the Summer Terme is past. 1674 J. Ray N. Country Words Yu-game. 1817 W. Scott Rob Roy II. xiii. 289 Sic as folk tell ower at a winter-ingle. 1857 Jrnl. Royal Agric. Soc. Eng. 19 272 The winter annuals soon show themselves, and when well up harrowing, heavy rolling, and drilling the seed, take place. 1559 W. Cuningham Cosmogr. Glasse 34 The wynter tropike or circle of retorning from the South. 1676 W. Geaves Status Ecclesiæ Gallicanæ 152 Nicholas Orem made a Sermon before the Pope and his Cardinals on Christmas-even, in which he rebuketh the Prelates and Priests of his time. 1696 J. Ovington Voy. Suratt 189 Both he and his Haram keep their Tents Winter and Summer in the Field. 1611 J. Speed Hist. Great Brit. vii. xlii. 370/1 The like custome vsed hee in the winter season in his ieysts, and circuits throughout his Country. 1844 J. P. Giraud Birds Long Island 357 Larus argentatus—Brun. Herring or Silvery Gull… Winter dress, the head and neck all round mottled and streaked with grayish-brown… In this plumage it is the ‘Gray Winter Gull’ of our gunners. 1836 Hampshire Advertiser & Salisbury Guardian 20 Aug. Winter oats, 33s. per quarter. 1449 J. Lydgate Minor Poems (1934) ii. 779 The coolde wynterys nyght. 1855 D. T. Ansted in Orr’s Circle Sci.: Inorg. Nature 38 A glacier..is the outlet of..vast reservoirs of snow, being a prolongation of the winter-world above. 1612 J. Speed Theatre of Empire of Great Brit. i. xli. 79/1 Winter-like dispositions of weather. 1413 in W. Greenwell Boldon Bk. (1852) Gloss. p. lxxii De quadam placea vocata Yolewaytestand. 1861 Amer. Agriculturist Jan. 8/2 The ground was then thoroughly harrowed and winter wheat sown. 1587 in W. Greenwell Wills & Inventories Registry Durham (1860) II. 312 iij wynter stales of bees. 1804 Philos. Trans. (Royal Soc.) 95 89 This superiority in winter-felled wood. 1799 R. Southey Sonn. xv Watching the children at their Christmas mirth. 1614 J. Melville Autobiogr. & Diary (1842) 274 That Yuill comoun they thought to repey weill now at Pasch. 1597 W. Shakespeare Richard III i. i. 1 Now is the winter of our discontent, Made glorious summer by this sonne of Yorke. 1849 ‘Cousin Alice’ Helen Morton’s Trial vii. 135 Their arrival was such an agreeable surprise! Mrs. Morton said it was the best Christmas present she could have had. 1724 S. Switzer et al. Pract. Fruit-gardener xvii. 122 The Winter Thorn is an excellent Pear..; it is doubtlessly so named from the Thorniness of the Boughs. 1863 ‘N. Brook’ Gertrude Winn xii. 228 Winter-loving urchins, heedless of the cold. 726 Bæda De Temp. Rat. xv De Mensibus Anglorum..Primusque eorum mensis, quem Latini Januarium vocant, dicitur Giuli… December Giuli, eodem quo Januarius nomine, vocatur… Menses Giuli a conversione solis in auctum diei, quia unus eorum præcedit, alius subsequitur, nomina accipiunt.

1577 Hill’s Gardeners Labyrinth ii. xii. 41 The floure of this plant.., is named ye winter Rose, in that this plant yeeldeth floures like to the Rose, from the beginning of Haruest, vnto the winter time. 1535 Bible (Coverdale) Wisd. xvi. D Ye hope of ye vnthankfull shal melt awaie as the wynter yse [Ger. wie ein reiffe ym winter]. 1849 Message President U.S.: Pt. III 653 in U.S. Congress. Serial Set (31st Congress, 1st Sess.: Senate Executive Doc. 1) III The..snow which lies upon the ground nearly six months in the year would be likely to ‘winter-kill’ it. 1579 E. Spenser Shepheardes Cal. Dec. 26 To..gather nuttes to make me Christmas game. 1818 Times 25 Dec. [They] were committed for cutting down..holly-hedge..to sell for Christmas decorations. 1820 Amer. Farmer 11 Feb. 365/2 The ground can be cleared..in time to sow any winter growing crop. 1722 E. Lisle Observ. Husbandry (1757) 54 Spring-corn, for which..they winter-fallow only. 1848 Jrnl. Ethnol. Soc. 1 284 The difference between the summer and winter coat generally consists in the one being formed of seal and the latter of rein-deer skin. 1708 J. P. Lecaan Advice Gentlemen in Army Spain & Portugal 79 The Strawberry-Tree… This beautiful Evergreen is now become no Stranger to our English Gardens, having this Winter seen several Nosegays sold of their Flowers and Fruit, which they call here Winter Strawberries. 1915 Pop. Mech. Feb. 250/1 Melted suet, in which ground nuts and scraps of meat are mixed, is the standard ration for the winter feeding of song birds. 1796 Grose’s Classical Dict. Vulgar Tongue (ed. 3) (at cited word) He is like a winter’s day, short and dirty. 1717 M. Prior Alma ii. 534 Cast your Eye By Night upon a Winter-Sky. 1547 Certayne Serm. or Homilies (new ed.) sig. S.iij She gladly without any excuse or grudgyng (for conscience sake) did take that cold & foule winter iourney. 1425 J. Lydgate Troyyes Bk. (Augustus A.iv) ii. l. 2539 (MED) Longe proces makeþ hem to lour With þe wynter of vnweldy age, Þat lust is pallid. 1875 J. Ruskin Fors Clavigera V. 77 As I was looking over Christmas Books of last year. 1837 C. Dickens Pickwick Papers xxviii. 290 ‘Wery good,’ said Sam, ‘stick a bit o’ Christmas in ’em [sc. mince pies].’ 1575 in J. Raine Wills & Inventories N. Counties Eng. (1835) I. 406 Another Close for Winter ground. 1716 J. Gay Trivia i. 1 Through Winter Streets to steer your Course aright. 1549 Bk. Com. Pr. xix b The firste Sonday after the Epiphanye. 1868 Lloyd’s Weekly 29 Nov. You cannot do better than fill up all the space with winter hardy greens. 1549 W. Baldwin Canticles of Salomon Ded. sig. A.iiiv In the winter of theyr frosen faythe, & clumsed charitie. 1878 N. Miner Triplets lxxi. 489 When we say winter’s evening, then all at once we seem to gather round the old fire place and listen to the crackling log. 1670 J. Ray Coll. Eng. Prov. 42 A green winter makes a fat Church-yard. 1425 J. Wyclif Sel. Eng. Wks. (1871) II. 236 (heading) Pistle on Cristemasse day. 900 Old Eng. Martyrol. 1 Jan. 12 Ianuarius, þæt is on ure geþeode se æftera geola. 1846 G. W. Johnson Dict. Mod. Gardening 701/1 Winter sweet. Origanum heracleoticum. 1896 J. McDougall Saddle, Sled & Snowshoe iii. 31 We saw the glimmer of a camp-fire..it was the one winter packet from the east on its way to Edmonton. 1881 Garden 13 Aug. 165/1 Brussels Sprouts..are such a useful and delicate winter vegetable. 1886 Amer. Naturalist 20 215 This last statement is confirmed by the Dakota winter-counts in Dr. Corbusier’s collection. 1842 Penny Cycl. XXII. 214/1 Solstices, the points of the ecliptic which are highest above the equator. 1550 Complaynt Scotl. (1979) vi. 39 The tropic of Cancer..is the solstice of symmyr… The circle of capricorne is callit the solstice of vyntir. 1839 Farmers’ Reg. Dec. 758/1 Should he leave his drains open, they..will, after a winter’s freeze..be nearly filled up. 1860 I. I. Hayes Let. 14 Aug. in Amer. Jrnl. Sci. & Arts (1861) 31 52 Restowing our cargo, so that we might put below, the deck-load of lumber intended for our winter housing. 1840 Daily National Intelligencer (Washington) 16 Dec. There is no city news of interest. The money market is quiet. We are winter-locked, and await release for business. 1920 P. J. Fryer Insect Pests & Fungus Dis. Fruit & Hops viii. 34 The Winter Moth female, after pairing with the male, lays eggs, which in course of time hatch out to minute caterpillars. 1920 Farm (Ellettsville, Indiana) 6 May It is said that the law of compensation works both ways—if the rich man gets his ice in the summer, the poor man gets his share in the winter. 1534 L. Cox tr. Erasmus Paraphr. Epist. Paule vnto Titus sig. E.iiiv I am purposed all this next winter to be at Nycopole which is a citie of the contre of Thrace. 1725 H. Bourne Antiquitates Vulgares xiii. 129 I am apt to believe, the Log has had the Name of the Yule-Log, from its being burnt as an Emblem of the returning Sun. 1530 in R. Dyboski Songs, Carols, & Other Misc. Poems (1908) 133 Wynter etythe, that somer getith. 1661 T. Blount Glossographia (ed. 2) at Ule In Yorkshire and our other Northern parts, they have an old Custom, after Sermon or Service on Christmas day, the people will, even in the Churches cry Vle, Vle,..and the common people run about the streets singing Ule, Ule, Ule, Three Puddings in a Pule, Crack nuts and cry Ule. 1573 T. Tusser Fiue Hundreth Points Good Husbandry (new ed.) f. 18v Winter fruite gather, when Mighel is past. 1826 tr. E. T. Hoffman Master Flea i. 3 The chamber door was flung open, and in rushed Peregrine, amidst a whole fire-flood of variegated Christmas lights. 1920 M. Moore Let. 16 Jan. in Sel. Lett. (1997) 127 Where did the white ribbon come from?.. I thought it probably was part of a Christmas decoration. 1350 in G. L. Brook Harley Lyrics (1968) 66 Þat oþer ioie of þat may wes o Cristesmasse day, when God wes bore. 1703 Country Farmer’s Catech. in Brand’s Pop. Antiq. Great Brit. (1870) I. 287 My daughter don’t look with sickly pale looks, like an unlit Christmas Candle. 1661 T. Fuller Hist. Worthies Eng. (1662) Northumb. 304 A Yule feast may be quat at Pasche. That is Christmas-cheer may be digested, and the party hungry again at Easter. 1863 J. T. B. Syme Sowerby’s Eng. Bot. (ed. 3) I. 171 Barbarea vulgaris… Under the name of Winter Cress and Winter Rocket this plant has long been cultivated in gardens as an early salad. 1920 D. H. Lawrence Women in Love xxix. 435 This was an old world she was still journeying through, winter-heavy and dreary. 1533 in J. Stuart Extracts Council Reg. Aberdeen (1844) I. 149 At the natiuite of our Lord, callit zowill. 1895 W. J. Hoffman Beginnings of Writing 35 These chronological records are designated ‘winter counts’, as each event covers that period of time between the end of one summer and the beginning of the next. 1834 M. Somerville On Connexion Physical Sci. xiii. 99 It is estimated from the winter solstice, the middle of the long annual night under the poles. 1837 Rep. Brit. Assoc. Advancem. Sci. 1836 192 South Carolina is stated by the Rev. Mr. Bachman to be the most northerly winter range of the last-mentioned bird. 1556 R. Record Castle of Knowl. 32 Haruest..continueth till the twelft day of December, and then doth the Son entre into Capricorn, & Winter beginneth. 1465 J. Paston in Paston Lett. & Papers (2004) I. 140 I pray yow ye woll send me hedir ij elne of worsted for doblettes to happe me this cold wynter. 1847 Illustr. London News 25 Dec. 424 (heading) Christmas crackers. 1668 R. Steele Husbandmans Calling (1672) iii. 35 Prosperity..nourisheth so many weeds, that the winter of affliction hath much ado to master them. 1340 Ayenbite (1866) 131 (MED) Þis trau is yzet bezide þe welle of godes drede, huer-of hit is echedaye ywetered ine wyntre and ine zomere. 1856 Newcastle Courant 5 Dec. 1/4 (advt.) Gentlemen’s Winter Gloves, in all the new Makes. 1682 T. Otway Venice Preserv’d iii. 34 That mortify’d old wither’d Winter Rogue. 1830 E. Moore in Trans. Plymouth Inst. 346 Common Teal, or Winter Teal, Anas crecca.—Lin. Querquedula crecca.—Steph. Very common in winter. 1670 W. Dyer To Kings most Excellent Majesty 2 There are also plenty of Vines which naturally yield three sorts of pleasant Grapes.., the third a small Black Winter-grape, somewhat tart, but very wholsome and good. 1597 W. Shakespeare Richard II i. iii. 249 What is sixe winters? they are quickly gone. 1918 S. S. Visher Geogr. S. Dakota 56 Red clover is not a success..largely because it winter-kills. 1611 R. Cotgrave Dict. French & Eng. Tongues Gambade, a gamboll, yew-game, tumbling tricke. 1915 ‘F. Anstey’ Percy 121 To be home in time to stir our Christmas pudding. 1884 Congregationalist (Boston, Mass.) 2 June 88/3 How pure and radiant shone the whole fair landscape, dressed still in winter white.

1697 J. Addison Pref. to Dryden’s Georgics ⁋12 The Scythian Winter-piece appears so very cold and bleak to the Eye, that a Man can scarce look on it without shivering. 1663 J. Heath Flagellum (1672) 158 This being the Solstice of his Fortunes. 1916 Yukon Territory 194 In the summer of 1902 the government built a winter road between Dawson and Whitehorse, a distance of approximately 333 miles. 1857 W. N. White Gardening for South 237 Origanum Heracleoticum.—Winter marjoram, a hardy perennial, a native of Greece, and first cultivated in England in 1640. 1881 Spons’ Encycl. Industr. Arts IV. 1386 For lubricating purposes, some manufacturers prepare a ‘winter oil’.., which does not thicken in cold weather. 1711 J. Swift Conduct of Allies 52 Eight Thousand Men, for whose Winter Campaign the Queen was willing to give forty Thousand Pounds. 1678 T. Hobbes Decameron Physiologicum iv. 41 The distance between the Æquinoctial and the Solstice, is not always the same. 1888 W. D. Hay Blood vii. 29 Although it was so late in the winter-spring season, the weather was wild and wintry. 1835 J. Rennie & J. O. Westwood Nat. Hist. Insects II. xv. 258 The winter midges Trichocera (hyemalis) afford another instance of the numerical excess of certain species. 1883 Bull. U.S. Fish Comm. 3 300 There will be a large haddock fleet this winter. 1884 W. Miller Dict. Eng. Names Plants Claytonia perfoliata, Cuban Winter-Purslane. 1866 J. G. Whittier Snow-bound 46 And woodland paths that wound between Snow drooping pine-boughs winter-weighed. 1538 T. Elyot Dict. Tablinum, was a wynter parlour, wherein were painted tables and bokes of stories. 1920 County Agent & Farm Bureau Sept. 29/2 (advt.) To make your cows profitable winter milkers you must put more vitality into them now. 1684 J. Evelyn Diary anno 1655 (1955) III. 164 There was no more notice taken of Christmas day in Churches. 1820 Sporting Mag. (N.S.) 6 283 The yule candle, a tall mould candle, is lighted and set on the table. 1815 T. Quayle Gen. View Agric. Islands on Coast of Normandy viii. 121 Coarse aquatic plants..are made as hay, and reserved for winter-feed of cattle. 1845 Leeds Mercury 15 Mar. 7/5 Bridesmaid of summer! with thy mantle green; (That luxury to winter-wearied eyes). 1582 R. Stanyhurst tr. Virgil First Foure Bookes Æneis iv. 76 Much lyk when pismers theire corne in granar ar hurding, Careful of a winter nipping, in barns they be piling. 1664 S. Blake Compl. Gardeners Pract. 83 Of Peaches: there is the double Peach-flower, the smooth Peach, and the rough Peach, the early Peach, and the winter Peach. 1894 Daily News 8 Feb. 5/5 The child..had been taught the well-known Christmas carol entitled ‘The First Nowell’. 1757 W. Burke Acct. European Settlem. Amer. II. vii. xxii. 241 The second sort, which..bears the winter better, is a more tall and vigorous plant. 1920 A. L. Howard Man. Timbers of World 179 The general consensus of opinion among Government authorities..is that winter-felled oak is the more durable. 1779 Med. Reg. 151 During this winter Session are taught all the several branches of Medicine, except Botany. 1862 Rose, Shamrock, & Thistle Nov. 61 You, father, brothers, and sisters, are after all the best Christmas gifts; how wicked I have been to be so discontented. 1576 in W. Greenwell Wills & Inventories Registry Durham (1860) II. 318 v whyes, of iiij yeres olde, vj winter whies, 18l. 1824 J. C. Loudon Encycl. Gardening (ed. 2) iii. ii. 893 The season called winter by the natives of South America, lasting from May to November. 1920 Amer. Botanist 26 8 Winter aconite is a translation of Eranthis hyemalis. This plant, blooming early in the year, has also received the name of Christmas flower. 1895 R. Ridgway Ornithol. Illinois II. 44 Tringa maritima… Purple sandpiper. Popular synonyms. Winter Snipe (Maine); Rock Snipe. 1753 R. P. Virtue Triumphant II. xvii. 250 In this winter sessions,..he applied to his friends at court. 1915 Jrnl. Royal Hort. Soc. 40 29 Chimonanthus fragrans, known as Winter Sweet or Winter Flower, from China and Japan… When seen on a fine day, covered with its beautiful, fragrant blossoms, it is a sight to be remembered. 1598 J. Stow Suruay of London 66 To euery one for his winter gowne, foure yardes of broad cloth. 1842 E. Cook in Hampshire Advertiser 8 Oct. The spring-flower clinging round the winter blighted tree. 1791 G. Brewer Hist. Tom Weston I. iii. 34 The winter-room was very differently furnished,..the chairs and curtains, which were all crimson, seemed to spread a comfortable warmth round the room. 1838 Bucks Herald 8 Dec. The dozen Christmas hampers as usual, containing two bottles of old Port, two of Sherry, four of Gin, two of Rum, one of French Brandy, with one of Whisky, sent to any market-town, free of carriage, for one guinea and a half. 1613 J. Boys Expos. Festivall Epist. & Gospels 63 It is the fashion of many men..to boast of their rich attire, great attendance, good fire, large cheere: yet (seeing Christ is heire of all things in the world) they cannot in their owne right enioy so much as a Christmas log..till they be first ingraffed in him. 1915 H. H. Thomas Gardening for Amateurs I. 178/2 Prune the Winter Jasmine fairly hard in March. 1597 M. Drayton Englands Heroicall Epist. f. 2 The cold badge of winter-blasted haires. 1598 E. Guilpin Skialetheia iii. sig. C8v A player to a Christmas prince. 1850 Ld. Tennyson In Memoriam xxx. 48 Sadly fell our Christmas-eve . 1548 Hall’s Vnion: Henry VI f. clxxxijv The Duke..came to his Castle of Sandall, beside Wakefelde, on Christmas eue. 1836 R. Furness Astrologer iii, in Wks. (1858) 163 When ample yule-clogs lent their heat and light, And all-spiced possets warm’d the Christmas night. 1839 Art-union Nov. 171/1 The winter-pieces are very numerous, among them may be particularly distinguished those of M. Ver Wee and M. Noter. 1787 W. Taylor Scots Poems 44 About Yule-time an’ Hogmenai. 1797 Trans. Royal Irish Acad. 6 52 Particular instances where the defect of summer heat and winter ice seem to be most strongly marked. 1886 C. Scott Pract. Sheep-farming 86 To have in reserve a winter-hained old pasture, which the ewes and lambs can fall back on. 1565 in J. W. Burgon Life & Times Sir T. Gresham (1839) II. 93 And now do I the more feare the danger of this winter, for that I have now lost the comodity..of going to the Spa for this yere. 1591 R. Greene Maidens Dreame xxxiii He kept no Christmas-house for once a year. 1842 Ld. Tennyson Palace of Art (rev. ed.) in Poems (new ed.) I. 145 A hundred winters snow’d upon his breast. 1830 Gardener’s Mag. 6 687 From the middle of November to Christmas the garden is ornamented by that matchless winter flower the Chrysánthemum. 1577 B. Googe tr. C. Heresbach Foure Bks. Husbandry i. f. 11 Thinges doone..in the Winter morninges. 1590 J. Thorius Spanish Dictionarie in tr. A. del Corro Spanish Grammer sig. A4v/2 Nauidad, Christmasse tide. 1380 in W. Greenfield Bp. Hatfield’s Surv. (1857) 22 Iidem tenentes red. p. a. pro yol~wayting, ad festum Nativitatis Domini, 5s. 1844 H. Stephens Bk. of Farm II. 484 To harrow it before cross-ploughing the winter-furrow. 1847 W. C. L. Martin Ox 35/2 After being kept on winter-fodder, they are turned out to graze in the spring. 1834 Bristol Mercury 18 Jan. Sir Charles Morgan..presented each of the girls with a winter cloak. 1796 R. Locke in Lett. & Papers Agric. (Bath & West of Eng. Soc.) VIII. 276 A piece of winter-hayned land. 1869 H. F. Tozer Res. Highlands of Turkey II. 136 A..bridge..across the bed of a winter torrent. 1673 Gentlewomans Compan. 215 Provide your Winter-Butter and Cheese in the Summer. 1674 J. Ray N. Country Words Yu-batch. 1663 S. Pepys Diary 23 Feb. (1971) IV. 57 I was told that my Lady Castlemaine had all the King’s Christmas presents made him by the Peeres given to her. 1824 J. Mactaggart Sc. Gallovidian Encycl. 94 A bee-man lang the chiel had been, Keep’d mony a winter stale. 1547 in in J. W. Clay Testamenta Eboracensia (1902) VI. 265 My suster..to have foure kie founde wynter and sommer. 1837 C. Dickens Pickwick Papers xxviii. 283 How many dormant sympathies, does Christmas time awaken! 1819 D. B. Warden Statist., Polit. & Hist. Acct. U.S. III. xxxiv. 191 Shad, (Clupea alosa,) 6 lb.; white shad, taylor shad, 3 lb.; winter shad, ½ oz. 1788 World 20 Dec. The Friends of Mr. Tierney at Colchester, have sent him as a Christmas present, a small Barrel of Oysters—that will not open. 1866 E. Watts Flowers & Flower Garden v. 27 The Arbutus, or Winter Strawberry, is a hardy ever-green, the bright-coloured strawberry-like fruit of which is gay and pretty in winter. 1861 Amer. Agriculturist Jan. 19/1 Winter Apples. Baldwin, Hubbardston Nonsuch.., Danver’s Winter Sweet.

1594 W. Shakespeare Lucrece sig. I2 As winter meads when sun doth melt their snow. 1921 U. P. Hedrick Pears N.Y. v. 377 Épine d’Hiver… Winter Thorn… A very old French pear, reported as early as 1675. 1876 Gardener’s Monthly & Horticulturalist May 138/1 Poinsettia… Not only in England is this beautiful plant regarded as a Christmas flower; in the North of Mexico..it is called Nochebuena from its blossoming about the time of the Christmas festival. 1817 J. Austen Persuasion (1818) IV. ii. 34 I hope I shall remember, in future,..not to call at Uppercross in the Christmas holidays. 1577 W. Harrison Hist. Descr. Islande Brit. iii. i. f. 95v/2, in R. Holinshed Chron. I As for the difference that is betweene the summer & winter wheate, most husbandmen knowe it not, sith they are neyther acquainted with summer wheat, nor winter barley. 1714 Dialogue Secretary of State & Connaught Squier 4 To Ease the Load, with me she strove in vain, Which thirty Winters she has born with pain. 1915 Lima (Ohio) Daily News 10 Jan. 6/6 A copy of a most unique publication, the Christmas edition of the Radio News. 1844 in W. Brereton Trav. Index 202/1 Oak, winter-blooming. 1895 Knowledge May 115/1 Such is Trichocera hiemalis, the so-called winter-midge, the dancing swarms of which may often be seen enjoying themselves in the air when the temperature is sufficiently high. 1876 J. Grant Hist. Burgh Schools Scotl. ii. v. 183 The morning after Epiphany day. 1867 Illustr. Times 14 Dec. 375/1 A neat paper box, which, on being opened, displays an ordinary Christmas cracker, and that being exploded in the usual way, a full-sized article of apparel drops out. 1919 K. J. Mackenzie Cattle & Future of Beef-Production in Eng. xi. 150 If the South Wales steers such as I tried to winter-feed in my youth are excepted..no one can say that this claim is unfounded. 1809 A. H. Haworth Lepidoptera Britannica ii. 305 G[eometra brumaria] (The Winter Moth). 1903 Canad. Horticulturist 27 225/2 The more tender fruits, such as the peach, are injured; some winter plums are safe. 1867 G. MacDonald Ann. Quiet Neighbourhood II. i. 2 After this Christmas-tide, I found myself in closer relationship to my parishioners. 1824 J. C. Loudon Encycl. Gardening (ed. 2) ii. i. 145 Nelis, Winter. Nélis d’Hiver… Very excellent, though not large from a standard, and is highly deserving of a wall. 1923 Pop. Sci. Monthly May 49/3 Winter feed in more severe climates and plenty of underbrush are needed. 1886 C. E. Pascoe London of To-day (ed. 3) xliii. 378 Winter and summer, steamboats leave Westminster for Greenwich and Woolwich half-hourly. 1735 W. Somervile Chace iii. 97 So Ships in Winter-Seas..defy the Storm. 1915 W. S. Maugham Of Human Bondage xx. 79 She had once given Philip a paint-box as a Christmas present. 1811 A. Wilson Amer. Ornithol. IV. 74 Length of the Winter Hawk twenty inches, extent forty-one inches, or nearly three feet six inches. 1685 in N. Tate Poems by Several Hands 252 Thou leav’st the splendor of a Crown..for the cold Winter Fields. 1802 G. Montagu Ornithol. Dict. p. xxv There is very little doubt the Winter Mew is no other than the young of the Common Gull. 1606 Returne from Pernassus v. ii. sig. H2 Looke in my Christmas booke who brought me a present. 1868 C. C. Abbot in G. H. Cook Geol. New Jersey 779 Cardinalis virginianus… Known generally as ‘Winter Red-bird’, and as it frequents leafless bushes, after all other small birds almost have departed, appears to be more numerous in winter than at any other season. 1731 P. Miller Gardeners Kalendar 40 Plant out all your Cauliflower plants which are remaining in the Winter beds. 1718 R. Bradley New Improvem. Planting & Gardening: Pt. 3 172 Winter Sweet-Marjoran..will resist our Frosts, and remain good two or three Years without renewing. 1855 Times 6 Mar. 6/5 That winter-beaten and beleaguered host. 1669 J. Ogilby tr. J. Nieuhof Embassy E.-India Company 105 The Vessels lye fast frozen, and Winter bound. 1606 J. Sylvester tr. G. de S. Du Bartas Deuine Weekes & Wks. (new ed.) ii. iii. 127 My flesh (too-Winter-chill) My Spirit’s small sparkles dooth extinguish still. 1581 W. Lambarde Eirenarcha xix. 179 If many be at an Alehouse, a Christmasse dinner, or Churchale, &..they sodainly fall togither by ye eares,..yet this is no Riot, vnles they betake themselues to parts. 1601 R. Dolman tr. P. de la Primaudaye French Acad. III. 96 The Solstists or sun-steads and poles of the Zodiacke. 1609 W. Shakespeare Troilus & Cressida iv. vi. 25 Ile take that winter from your lips faire Lady. 1585 J. Higgins tr. Junius Nomenclator 55/2 Alcedo, alcyon,..a winter birde commonly called the kings fisher. 1919 Moshico Log 25 Dec. 2/3 Christmas came early to one member of the Payroll department. He appeared bright and early..Monday morning wearing a fine, fuzzy, black sky piece with a bright red lining. 1788 J. Logan Serm. (1791) II. 114 He was appointed..to struggle with the tempest; to weather the winter of affliction. 1794 Har’st Rig cxxxvi. 42 Now the Maiden has been win, And Winter is at last brought in. 1599 T. Dallam Diary in J. T. Bent Early Voy. Levant (1893) i. 84 This day we had bothe wynter and somer. 1612 H. Peacham Gentlemans Exercise i. xi. 45 Such a winter peece should be graced and beautified with all manner of workes and exercises of winter. 1729 E. Fenton Observ. Waller’s Poems in E. Waller Wks. p. xxxiv/2 When the Sun retir’d..to the six Winter-Signs of the Zodiac; short’ning the days. 1788 Morning Post 11 Jan. Millinery of every kind in the greatest variety, and the most fashionable Winter Hats and Bonnets. 1614 W. Lithgow Most Delectable Disc. Peregrination sig. E3v A roofe to my Winter-blasted lodging. 1876 C. M. Yonge Three Brides I. iii. 35 Her hair and pretty Parisian winter dress arranged to perfection. 1800 Systematic or Imaginary Philosopher ii. iii. 30 I had, almost, forgotten the hellebore, Christmas flower, which reminds me, even in the midst of summer, of a Christmas-box. 1832 J. Baxter Libr. Agric. & Hort. Knowl. (ed. 2) 615 There is danger of the crop running to straw, or becoming what is called winter-proud. 1597 N. Breton Wits Trenchmour sig. C3v Uirgine wax is for Christmas lights, which is not solde by euery Chandler. 1765 J. Lee Introd. Bot. (ed. 2) Gloss. 463 Hybernaculum, Winter-lodge, the Part of a Plant that incloses and secures the Embryo from External Injuries. 1902 C. F. Keary Brothers iv. i. 96 Through thee, the Spring Jets sap into the winter-withered ground. 1771 J. Brown Gen. Hist. Christian Church I. ii. iv. 177 The seventy-ninth [canon of the Quinisext Council] discharges the making or giving of Christmas cakes [Gk. σεμίδαλῖν], in representation of the Virgin’s lying in of our Saviour. 1722 E. Lisle Observ. Husbandry (1757) 276 I was saying, that I had winter-feed..for more beasts than I had. 1769 A. Young Ess. Managem. Hogs p. xvi Provision must be made for winter-feeding such hogs as do not require assistance from the dairy. 1907 I. K. Friedman Radical ii. iii. 76 The statue of General Thomas—sole adornment of the compact, winter-blighted park. 1861 W. Billington Sheen & Shade 42 Thy glory floods my Soul’s dim sky..Like sudden Summer on the Winter-withered Year! 1733 G. Jacob Mirrour xvii. 64 A Person who has a good Constitution..may..be his whole Life, like Winter Vegetables the whole Year, always in Prosperity. 1560 T. Phaer tr. Virgil Nyne Fyrst Bks. Eneidos (1562) viii. sig. Bbiij Three winter-wrested showres. 1887 3rd Ann. Rep. Bureau Animal Industry 1886 189 No effort is made to winter feed the general herd. 1847 M. Howitt Ballads 185 ‘Twas in the winter chill, When icy cold the winds did blow. 1873 Englishwoman’s Domest. Mag. Dec. 326/2 Winter Queening.—Medium-sized fruit; skin pale yellow, slightly marked with dull red. Boils well, and is of a particularly pleasant flavour. November to May. 1597 J. Gerard Herball ii. 539 The pot Marierome is also called Winter Marierome. 1338 R. Mannyng Chron. (1725) 49 Þ e kyng one on þe morn went to London, His ȝole forto hold was his encheson. 1848 Dublin Univ. Mag. June 762/2 He persuaded the child..that they [sc. birds] came to greet her from old Father Winter. 1748 H. Walpole Let. 26 Dec. (1857) II. 139 Here am I come down to what you call keep my Christmas. 1595 W. Shakespeare Henry VI, Pt. 3 v. v. 25 Let Aesop fable in a winters night. 1744 J. Campbell Lives Admirals III. i. 104 Twenty-six Men of War, and seven Fire-Ships, were assigned for the Winter Guard. 1753 Trial J. Stewart App. 61 About Yule last. 1775 Observ. on Art of Brewing 25 Picking and castrating our hops, one by one, as a good housewife does plumbs for her Christmas puddings. 1547 R. Record Vrinal of Physick f. 63v Medicyns for the stone, both in the raynes and bladder,..Water plantayne. Wynter Gyllofer.

1475 Mankind (1969) l. 332 (MED) We wyll cum gyf yow a Crystemes songe. 1812 R. Woodhouse Elem. Treat. Astron. ix. 65 The interval of time..between two appearances of the Sun in the solstices. 1842 C. Dickens Amer. Notes II. vii. 204 [The emigrants] had had a long winter-passage out. 1834 New-Eng. Mag. Feb. 93 For above twenty-five years, I was present, winter and summer, at the opening of my store. 1767 J. Rutter & D. Carter Mod. Eden i. xxxviii. 118 Level the surface, and sow the seeds of winter marjoram or pot marjoram pretty thick, and rake them in. 1614 J. Cooke Greenes Tu Quoque sig. L3v ‘Tis the Latin word for a Christmas candle. 1917 Scribner’s Mag. Mar. 327/2 If you enlist we’ll expect to hear from you by the spring canoe or the winter packet at least. 1693 J. Evelyn tr. J. de La Quintinie Compl. Gard’ner i. iii. xiv. 168 For the 15 Fathoms of the East, 12 Trees, viz. 3 Boncretiens, 2 Bergamots, 1 Ambrett, 1 Winter Thorn [Fr. Épine d’hiver]..and 1 Lansac. 1579 E. Spenser Shepheardes Cal. Jan. Argt. He compareth his carefull case to the sadde season of the yeare,..and to his owne winterbeaten flocke. 1817 A. Cunningham in I. Marriott Early Explorers Austral. 8 Mar. (1925) 171 Gathered seeds of Ceratopetalum gummiferum (Christmas Bush). 1905 W. C. Hazlitt Brand’s Pop. Antiq. Great Brit.: Faiths & Folklore (rev. ed.) I. 123/1 We learn that no Christmas Lord had been created since 1577. 1617 F. Moryson Itinerary iii. 269 At Lucern twice each yeere they make election of Senators.., namely, about each Solstice of the yeere. 1747 H. Glasse Art of Cookery viii. 73 A Yorkshire Christmas-Pye. 1859 W. S. Coleman Our Woodlands 118 ‘Winterpicks’ is a provincial synonyme for this fruit, and ‘winterpick-wine’ takes the place of port in the rustic ‘cellar’. 1848 E. Bulwer-Lytton Harold I. iv. vi. 289 We strip not the green leaves for our yule-hearths. 1810 G. Crabbe Borough xxii. 307 A Winter past since Peter saw the Town, And Summer Lodgers were again come down. 1896 W. W. Skeat & T. Hallam Pegge’s Two Coll. Derbicisms U-back, U-block. See Yu-batch..Yu~bach. 1879 Encycl. Brit. X. 536/2 The dame’s violet, Hesperis matronalis, called variously the queen’s, the rogue’s, and the winter gillyflower. 1694 Philos. Trans. (Royal Soc.) 18 195 On the next day one of them was changed into a small Moth, leaving its useless skin, or Winter-coat. 1870 Once a Week 22 Jan. 567/2 I made many other inquiries from other cottages, and found that they were all well acquainted with the winterpick, although they did not all make it into wine. 1792 R. Burns in J. Johnson Scots Musical Museum IV. 361 As the wretch looks o’er Siberia’s shore, When winter bound the wave is. 1895 Western Mail (Cardiff) 14 Dec. (Ladies’ Suppl.) 3/3 In September the bees were at work going and coming from early morn to evening, but a few days later many were found in winter stalls. 1725 R. Bradley Chomel’s Dictionaire Œconomique at July Vines..will be satisfy’d with a single winter and one summer Pruning. 1772 S. Pegge tr. W. Fitzstephen Descr. London 50 In the winter holidays, the youth are entertained in a morning with boars fighting. 1614 W. Camden Remaines (rev. ed.) 305 Christmas commeth but once a yeare. 1550 J. Heywood Dialogue Prouerbes Eng. Tongue (new ed.) i. xi. sig. Bviii It is easy to crye vle at other mens coste. 1854 Poultry Chron. 1 363 The Cochins..proved themselves the best possible ‘winter-layers’. 1902 N.Y. Times 5 Dec. (advt.) Old man Winter likely to arrive any moment. 1882 J. M. Wheaton in Rep. Geol. Surv. Ohio IV. i. 428 The Red-shouldered Buzzard, Hen Hawk or Winter Falcon, is common in all parts of the State. 1850 Beck’s Florist 115 A pleasing and interesting winter-tree is the Glastonbury Thorn. 1869 Ld. Tennyson Passing of Arthur 4 When the man was..In the white winter of his age. 1887 Sc. Law Rev. & Sheriff Court Rep. 3 213 The winter term occurs in the short days amid inclement weather. 1604 J. Hind Lysimachus & Varrona sig. G4v Pan..pend up himselfe in his winter lodging. 1872 Amer. Naturalist 6 728 The winter grape (Vitis cordifolia) often grew to a great size, many vines measuring 24 and some 40 inches in circumference several feet from the ground. 1572 tr. S. Münster Briefe Coll. & Compend. Extract Cosmogr. f. 49v Both winter and sommer they are enforced to trauayle, and there is no end of these miseries. 1540 in W. Cramond Rec. Elgin (1903) I. 47 Dauid Hardy..sall pay ane stane wax to the nixt Zeoll vark. 1728 J. Gay Beggar’s Opera iii. vi. 46 Black Velvet Scarfs..are a handsome Winter-wear. 1847 H. W. Longfellow Evangeline i. iv. 61 When the air is serene in the sultry solstice of summer. 1601 P. Holland tr. Pliny Hist. World I. xvii. ii. 501 When either corne is winter-prowd, or other plants put forth and bud too earely, by reason of the mild and warme aire. 1880 Pall Mall Gaz. 21 Jan. 10/2 He was broken in body and mind, and twenty winters seemed to have fallen upon him. 1827 Amer. Jrnl. Sci. 12 372 If his soil will settle in four hours, after being well stirred in a tumbler of pure water, he need have no apprehensions of the ‘winter-killing’. 1866 G. H. Calvert First Years in Europe viii. 198 These pictures of youth, beheld through the chill of our autumn and winter years. 1631 J. Donne Poems (1633) 229 Lovers dreame a rich and long delight, But get a winter-seeming summers night. 1591 S. Daniel Sonnet xxvi, in Sir P. Sidney Astrophel & Stella 75 Her glasse..then presents her winter withred hieu. 1892 Insect Life (U.S. Dept. Agric.) Aug. 388 A species of Anaplognathus, commonly called ‘Christmas Beetle’, was most numerous and is often plowed up both in the larva and imago state. 900 Old Eng. Martyrol. 6 May 76 Feowertig daga ær Criste acennisse, þæt is ær geolum [v.r. gyhhelum]. 1903 Janesville (Wisconsin) Daily Gaz. 15 Dec. 4/6 (advt.) Christmas Compliments and Christmas Lights are alike obtainable here… We can supply all kinds of..lights, chandeliers, and the wiring thereof. 1905 Amer. Art News 28 Oct. The cover design..shows a winter-clad girl wrapped in ermine, out in a storm, and framed in a holly border. 1829 J. C. Loudon Encycl. Plants 708 Aster… A very numerous genus of plants, commonly called in England, Christmas Daisies.

1300 St. Michael (Laud) l. 559 in C. Horstmann Early S.-Eng. Legendary (1887) 315 (MED) Men seggez þat wynter-þondre selde man schal guod i-seo, For he ne may neuere come bote þat weder onkuynde beo. 1865 Preston Guardian 21 Jan. 4/5 In our own garden we have the rose in flower, the polyanthus,..the winter Jasmine (Jasminum nudiflorum), and the wall cress. 1867 T. F. De Voe Market Assistant 166 Black-breasted snipe, winter snipe, or red-backed sandpiper.—This small bird is sometimes found in great plenty. 1569 R. Grafton Chron. II. 470 King Henry..did in the honour of Christes birth on Christmas day refreshe all the pore people with victuall. 1694 P. A. Motteux tr. F. Rabelais Pantagruel’s Voy.: 4th Bk. Wks. iv. xxiv. 102 Have some winter Boots made of it, they’le never take in a drop of Water. 1793 Compl. Distiller iv. 149 N. B. You must never mix summer and winter fruit together. 1615 T. Overbury et al. New & Choise Characters with Wife (6th impr.) sig. M7v The wakefull ketches on Christmas Eue. 1776 T. Pennant Brit. Zool. (ed. 4, octavo) II. iii. Pl. LXXXVI (caption) Winter Gull. 1530 J. Palsgrave Lesclarcissement 289/2 Wynter frute, fruit de yuer. 1532 in J. Raine Durham Househ. Bk. (1844) 192 In agestamento unius equi in vynter,..16 d. 1533 T. More 2nd Pt. Confut. Tyndals Answere viii. p. cccccv What a ioye he maketh, as he were euyn made a kynge by the fyndynge of a bene in a chrystmas cake. 1848 Gospel Mag. Apr. 157 Tears gushed to his relief trickling thick and fast down his winter-worn cheeks. 1804 T. Bewick Hist. Brit. Birds II. 221 (heading) Winter Gull. Winter Mew, or Coddy Moddy. 1839 Penny Cycl. XIV. 151/1 This Lord of Misrule, or revel-master, was sometimes termed a Christmas prince. 1713 Countess of Winchilsea Misc. Poems 36 Birds have dropt their Winter-plumes. 1592 H. Chettle in A. Munday tr. E. de Maisonneufve Gerileon of Englande: 2nd Pt. To Transl. sig. A4v There in rime doggrell (like thy Winter bitten Epitaph) carroll thy rude conceipts. 1906 W. F. Rawnsley in G. E. Jeans Mem. Old Hampshire 80 After the end of the pannage-month..the time called the Winter Haining began, and, in order to allow the deer to have all there was to eat during the winter, commoners’ cattle were kept out from November 11th to April 23rd. 1661 M. Stevenson Twelve Moneths 39 At the end of this moneth [sc. August], begin to winter-rig all fruitful soyls. 1888 G. Trumbull Names & Portraits Birds 89 To some at Lake St. Clair and Chicago this is the Winter-Duck..while others at Chicago are more familiar with the New England title Old Squaw. 1882 Daily Inter Ocean (Chicago) 3 Jan. 5/2 ‘Jimminy Christmas!’ continued the proprietor, ‘does you fellers think this is the Egyptian chamber at the Palmer House?’ 1912 A. Wall Century N.Z.’s Praise 80 Good winter-country, where sweet grasses grow. 1602 F. Davison et al. Poet. Rapsody sig. B10v Thou all-forth-bringing earth, though winter chill, With boystrous blasts blow off thy Mantle greene. 1788 F. Grose Classical Dict. Vulgar Tongue (ed. 2) Winter Cricket, a taylor. 1917 T. G. Pearson Birds Amer. I. 128 Pintail. Dafila acuta… Winter Duck; Lady-bird; Long-necked Cracker. 1605 R. N. in J. Sylvester tr. G. de S. Du Bartas Deuine Weekes & Wks. sig. A6v Winter-shaken Leaues. 1847 C. Brontë Jane Eyre III. viii. 183 Beating of eggs, sorting of currants, grating of spices, compounding of Christmas cakes, chopping up of materials for mince-pies, and solemnizing of other culinary rites. 1732 J. M. Country-mans Misc. 11 Like as the Winter-beaten Herbs and Trees, Infold their sapless Limbs in mossy Freez. 1839 Naturalist 4 259 The last bird figured in this part is the Winter Finch, Fringilla hyemalis. 1913 B. E. Stevenson Amer. Men of Action vi. 253 It would soon be the dead of winter, with snow hiding the trail and filling the passes, with streams ice-blocked and winter-swollen. 1707 J. Freind Acct. Earl of Peterborow’s Conduct in Spain 223 Marching in the stony Mountains, and in a Winter-season. 1875 J. C. Morton Cycl. Agric. (new ed.) II. 119/3 Larus canus, the common gull; and L. hybernicus, the winter gull; the species which visit fresh ploughed land. 1640 J. Parkinson Theatrum Botanicum i. v. 11 Majorana odorata perennis. Winter sweete Marjerom. 1569 R. Grafton Chron. II. 54 He went to Windsore, where he..kept his Christmas. 1880 Garden 7 Feb. 121/1 Chimonanthus fragrans (Winter Sweet). 1827 A. de C. Brooke Winter in Lapland & Sweden Pref. p. v How different is the scene that presents itself to the winter traveller. 1762 J. Mills New Syst. Pract. Husb. I. 359 A little rye is found in winter wheat, and a little barley in spring wheat. 1801 Farmer’s Mag. Nov. 467 They stood the Winter well. 1889 Hardwicke’s Sci.-gossip 25 146/1 Our lively cardinal grosbeak..is known as the ‘winter red bird’, because..more of a songster in December than in June. 1866 Leicester Chron. & Leics. Mercury 20 Jan. 2/1 The blusterous winds and drenching rains Have cleared the winter-whitened plains. 1831 E. Smith Let. 25 Nov. in G. P. de T. Glazebrook Hargrave Corr. (1938) 79 The time for our Winter Packet being now preparing to Travell on to your Quarter, I will not let it go without acknowleging the receipt of your friendly epistile. 1911 J. Ward Rom. Era Brit. iv. 77 There was a ‘winter-room’ on the south side. 1774 J. Robinson Journey through Nova-Scotia 10 We saw fine wheat upon their marshes, and as fine winter rye as ever England produced. 1896 A. Blair Rantin Robin & Marget 21 He’ll be sendin’s some Christmas. 1797 T. Holcroft tr. F. L. Stolberg Trav. II. xlii. 70 The third [painting] is a winter piece. 1884 Outing & Wheelman Feb. 400/2 The winter carnival at Montreal, which was so successfully inaugurated last year, will open on February 4. 1844 J. P. Giraud Birds Long Island 229 In autumn, the plumage is so entirely different from that of spring, that by gunners generally it is considered a distinct species, and is called by them at that season ‘Winter Snipe’. 1794 E. L’Hommedieu in Trans. Soc. Promotion Agric. (U.S.) 2 111 The wheat was hurt by the winter, though..by computing that part which was not winter killed, the product would have been fifteen bushels.

1460 in A. Clark Eng. Reg. Oseney Abbey (1907) 155 (MED) Þey Entre with all þere Bestes, to fede vn-to þe tyme of wyntur seede. 1616 G. Markham tr. C. Estienne et al. Maison Rustique (rev. ed.) i. vi. 20 He shall Winter-rigge all such land. 1832 G. Don Gen. Syst. Gardening & Bot. II. 652/2 C[himonanthus] fragrans… Fragrant Winter-flower. 1500 Life St. Alexius (Titus) (1878) l. 261 (MED) A-gayne xvij wynters ende..he schowlde owte of þis worllde wend. 1814 B. Kohlmeister & G. Kmoch Jrnl. Voy. from Okkak iii. 15 We now steered for Kangertluksoak, a winter-station of the Esquimaux. 1898 G. Meredith Odes French Hist. 87 The maimed, Torn, tortured, winter-visaged. 1829 I. Taylor Nat. Hist. Enthusiasm x. 296 What has been done is not lost; the seed sown may spring up, even after a century of winter. 1604 N. F. Fruiterers Secrets 24 But especially, Pippins, Iohn apples, or as some call them Dewzins, Pear-maynes, winter-russettings, and such other lasting seruiceable fruite, with good vsage, will last till new fruite come in. 1820 P. B. Shelley Sensitive Plant in Prometheus Unbound 171 Winter came: the wind was his whip: One choppy finger was on his lip. 1661 J. Ussher Power of Princes (1683) ii. 225 The sixth day of January, which we call the Epiphany. 1736 W. Ellis New Exper. Husbandry 118 The Sap of a Winter-fell’d Oak, is almost as good as a sorry hearted one fell’d in Summer. 1850 Ld. Tennyson In Memoriam lxxvi. 106 The yule-clog sparkled keen with frost. 1638 J. Ballard Hist. Susanna xi. sig. G4 Dissolving like to winter-Ice before The Summers Sun-beams. 1904 J. S. Farmer & W. E. Henley Slang VII. iii. 358/1 Winter-cricket, (common).—A tailor. 1568 in Bannatyne MS (1896) IV. 380 It is eith [pr. dith] to cry yule [Maitl. Fo. MS. hailȝule] On ane vder manis coist. 1825 T. Hook Sayings & Doings 2nd Ser. I. 156 The rosy May, though fashionably a winter month, led on the smiling summer of nature, and June..was fast approaching. 1697 W. Dampier New Voy. around World ix. 259 We..sent in 3 Canoas with the Strikers to get Fish; being desirous to have a Christmas dinner. 1673 J. Ray Coll. Eng. Words 130 Corn or any other grain, the longer it continues in the ground, or the earlier it is sown,..the better laden it is,..as for example, winter Oats better then summer Oats. 1755 T. Smollett tr. M. de Cervantes Don Quixote I. ii. iv. 61 He made carols for Christmas-eve, and plays for the Lord’s-day. 1697 W. Dampier New Voy. around World iii. 56 Privateers, who resort hither in the aforesaid months [sc. May–Aug], purposely to keep a Christmas as they call it. 1853 Local Preachers’ Mag. Apr. 165/2 The yellow amaryll..is the sternbergia lutea of modern botanists, the amaryllis lutea of others..and the great or autumn and winter daffodil of Parkhurst. 1827 T. S. Surr Richmond III. vii. 101 Blount..turned out to be the tailor… ‘He called me a “winter-cricket”.’ 1897 tr. F. Nansen Farthest North II. v. 194 Ice which can hardly be winter-old, or at any rate has been formed since last summer. 1921 Life 24 Nov. 40/3 Christmas..seems to be the one day in the calendar on which every Englishman retires into his own home and pulls up the drawbridge. 1788 J. Hurdis Village Curate 118 And snows, such as the winter-loving Muse Of Cowper paints well pleas’d. 1684 J. Evelyn Diary anno 1666 (1955) III. 467 I went my Winter Circle through my district. 900 tr. Bede Eccl. Hist. (1890) iv. xix. 318 Þy twelftan dege ofer Geochol [v.rr. geohol, geohhel]. 1846 Glasgow Herald 27 Nov. (advt.) His Winter Beavers and Mill’d Cloths will be found..decidedly cheap. 1849 Farmer’s Mag. June 563/1 During the whole of the past month and up to the 13th inst., the weather was exceedingly cold and winter-like, with heavy falls of snow and hard frosts. 1912 T. Holmes London’s Underworld viii. 145 They had their bottles of cheap spirits, for which they had paid into the publican’s Christmas club. 1827 Derby Mercury 26 Dec. This Christmas spirit should methinks be more particularly kept up in the country. 1907 E. von Arnim Fräulein Schmidt xxii. 78 Yes, I was ill; but we had such a long winter that it was rather lucky to be out of it. 1521 Caroll of Huntynge Thus endeth the Christmasse carolles, newely enprinted at London, in the fletestrete at the sygne of the sonne by Wynkyn de Worde. 1555 J. Ponet Apologie p. x In playnge the Christmas lords minion in new colledge in Oxford, in thy fooles coat that thow diddest learne thy boldnes, and lost thy witt. 1859 R. M. Copeland Country Life xlv. 384 The green herbage is eagerly cropped by the winter-weary sheep and lambs. 1797 Gazetteer & New Daily Advertiser 2 Dec. The Lord Advocate of Scotland..being called from the Bar..in the middle of the Winter Term of the Court of Session. 1860 R. W. Emerson Culture in Conduct of Life (London ed.) 129 There is in every constitution a certain solstice. 1568 Sir F. Knollys in Cal. Scot. Pap. (1900) II. 513 Unprovided of sufficient wynter garments. 1686 tr. Livy Rom. Hist. (new ed.) i. v. 127 They began to build Winter Hutts. 1303 R. Mannyng Handlyng Synne 4648 Howe God was born yn ȝole nyght. 1750 G. Hughes Nat. Hist. Barbados viii. 205 (heading) The Christmas-Bush. This Plant grows to about three Feet high. Its Roots are many, but weak, always blooming in December. 1853 Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper 9 Jan. 12/1 The beef..caught the eye of the defendant, who jumped at once to the conclusion that it must be that for which her husband had subscribed in a Christmas club. 1770 tr. C. H. Manstein Mem. Russia 139 They made several impressions during the winter of the year 1736 to 1737. 1633 F. Taylor Selfe-Satisfaction sig. H3 A good man may gather the hony of comfort to carry home to the hiue of his soule to feed vpon in the winter of discontent. 1300 Body & Soul (Laud Misc. 108) (1889) 25 (MED) Als i lay in a winteris nyt..i sauȝ a selly syt. 1907 F. G. Heath Our Brit. Trees 59 As the fruit of the Arbutus is ripe late in the year, it is sometimes called ‘The Winter Strawberry’. 1615 R. Cocks Diary (1883) I. 93 The shipps company..plaied Christmas ule games in good sort. 1769 A. B. Poyntz Je Ne Sçai Quoi v. 20 I may truly say they are unintelligible, or, like the children’s Christmas book of pastime, the Impenetrable Secret. 1775 J. Anderson Ess. Agric. 240 The finest winter-made butter that I ever saw. 1787 Bot. Mag. 1 §3 Helleborus hyemalis. Winter Hellebore or Aconite. 1870 E. C. Brewer Dict. Phrase & Fable 666/1 Winter for shoeing, peascod for wooing. 1911 F. F. Phillips White Isles xxv. 271 A thumping great winter-starved bull moose came and stuck his antlers through the alders on the other side. 1577 B. Googe tr. C. Heresbach Foure Bks. Husbandry i. f. 41 The Male [Hemp]..is made vp in bundels to be knockt and shaled in Winter euenynges. 1750 J. Green Entertainment for Winter’s Evening 5 The streams like marble stand, Held fast by winter’s icy hand. 1858 E. Capern Ballads & Songs 12 In truth it was a jovial time, In cottage and in hall; But I will sing their children born ‘Tween spring and winterfall. 1820 W. Irving Sketch Bk. 189 Revelry was permitted..through the twelve days of Christmas. 1615 tr. C. van de Passe Garden of Flowers iii. sig. E2v/1 This Narcissus cometh in the harvest and is called the great winter daffodill. 1600 in F. Collins Wills & Admin. Knaresborough Court Rolls (1902) I. 223 I geve to Anne..one old winter stocke of bees. 1915 Pop. Sci. Monthly Feb. 133 Summerlike periods in autumn and winterlike periods in spring can in every individual case be explained. 1697 J. Dryden tr. Virgil Georgics i, in tr. Virgil Wks. 58 When Astrea’s Ballance, hung on high, Betwixt the Nights and Days divides the Sky, Then..sow your Winter Grain. 1904 Anaconda (Montana) Standard 6 Dec. 8/3 Peter Sanger..has had winter tires put on the wheels of the fire wagons. 1736 R. Erskine Paraphr. Song of Solomon 59 See lapsed Nature’s cursed Earth, Nipt with a Winter-fall. 1876 Brit. Friend 1 Dec. 329/1 Wanted, after the Winter Holidays, a thoroughly efficient Teacher. 1616 G. Markham tr. C. Estienne et al. Maison Rustique (rev. ed.) v. xviii. 555 In October you shall giue it the fourth ardor or earing, which is called Winter-ridging. 1778 A. Adams Let. 29 Sept. in L. H. Butterfield et al. Adams Family Corr. (1973) III. 96 Those sums with the payment of my winter Labourers left me destitute enough. 1824 T. Fenby To a Redbreast in Wild Roses 18 The winter-verging autumn morn. 1846 E. Emmons Agric. N.Y. I. 281 The grain very rarely winter-kills. 1915 Weekly News Let. (U.S. Dept. Agric.) 27 Oct. 3/2 The leaves of winter rape are smooth, fleshy, and covered with a greyish-green bloom. 1922 V. Sackville-West Heir 63 The apples had his especial affection, and he never referred to them save by the personal pronouns, ‘Ah, Winter Queening,’ he would say, ‘she’s a grand bearer’. 1652 N. Culpeper Eng. Physician 126 Black-Hellebore. It is called also Setter-wort, Setter-grass, Bears-foot, Christmas Herb, and Christmas Flower. 1904 E. P. Oppenheim Betrayal xxi. 179 A country silent and winterbound. 1822 Amer. Missionary Reg. May 432/1 Their object..is to provide themselves with wood and water, and winter range. 1781 W. Preston Poems 229 Smooth as ice, when winter chill, Gently stays th’ untroubled rill. 1903 W. R. Fisher tr. A. F. W. Schimper Plant-geogr. v. 507 The mild temperate districts with winter rain and prolonged summer drought. 1676 J. Sterpin tr. L. J. Debes Færoœ 47 John Jonason saw about Christmas Tide in Stormy weather, a great Ship come into that Stream. 1920 A. D. Sedgwick Christmas Roses 2 She reflected that the Christmas roses were rather like herself. She, too, in this wintry season of her life, was still determined and indomitable. 1837 Daily Herald & Gaz. (Cleveland, Ohio) 6 Sept. The liability of wheat to winter kill on the prairies, has heretofore seriously affected the prospects of settlers in these gardens of nature. 1612 W. Strachey Hist. Trav. Virginia (1953) ii. 146 The harbour so vnfit for a shipp of that burthen to be a winter Roader in. 1853 Athenæum 19 Nov. 1376/1 (advt.) James Nisbet & Co.’s list of new works and new editions… The Christmas Stocking (In December). 1643 in Arch. Maryland (1887) IV. 242 Good & merchantable winter beaver due from me to Capt Thomas Cornwaleys. 1808 H. Gray Lett. from Canada (1809) 254 The country people who first form the winter roads on the snow, direct their Carioles by the nearest course where the snow is most level; and they go in as straight a line as possible, to the place where they are destined. 1590 R. Greene Neuer too Late i. 22 I am driuen in the winter of my yeeres to abide the brunt of al stormes. 1921 Canad. Mag. Oct. 516/1 The people of old Quebec, as winter-loving in their day as any since. 1923 Times 18 Dec. 15/4 The Winter Olympic Games’ events will be held at Chamonix between January 25 and February 3. 1796 W. Withering Arrangem. Brit. Plants (ed. 3) III. 584 Erysimum Barbarea. Winter Cresses. Winter Rocket. Rocket Wormseed. 1847 Brit. & Foreign Med. Rev. 24 410 The common sleep of winter-sleepers powerfully promotes the formation of fat; during their winter sleep the fat is exhausted. 1500 in R. L. Greene Early Eng. Carols (1935) 132 The fyrst branch was of gret myght, That spronge on Crystmas nyght. 1833 N.Y. Spectator 8 Mar. Elliott had laid his gun on the saddle before him, and was reaching up to pull some winter grapes from a tree. 1577 W. Harrison Hist. Descr. Islande Brit. i. xiii. f. 37v/2, in R. Holinshed Chron. I Blewe claye..(which hardelye drinketh vppe the winters water in long season). 1645 W. Laud Diary in Hist. Troubles (1695) I. 51 God bless us in the Spring, after this green Winter. 1641 Novembris Monstrum 96 The aged hoary Winter now had seen Summer thrice wrapped in her winding sheetes. 1725 A. Pope tr. Homer Odyssey III. xiv. 548 The winter pinches, and with cold I die. 1818 T. Pickering Addr. Essex Agric. Soc. 9 Twenty loads of winter-made dung..in which there is commonly very little straw. 1646 Sir T. Browne Pseudodoxia Epidemica 227 A temperate heat.., which by his approach unto the solstice he intendeth. 1867 C. G. Mackenzie Random Rhymes 280 Leave we awhile the winter hours unsung. 1828 C. S. Rafinesque Med. Flora U.S. I. 227 Hamamelis Virginica. English Name—Winter witch hazel… Vulgar Names—Witch hazel, Snapping hazelnut, Winter bloom, Pistachoe nut, &c. 1653 I. Walton Compl. Angler xii. 222 A winter bait for a Roch.

1567 G. Turberville tr. G. B. Spagnoli Eglogs iv. f. 34 Aye Winterlike, a frowning cheare and frostie face she beares. 1792 R. Burns Poems & Songs (1968) II. 667 On blythe Yule night when we were fu’. 1805 R. Forsyth Beauties Scotl. II. 221 Stall or winter-feeding of cattle or sheep. 1628 T. May tr. Virgil Georgicks i. 15 Some sit up late at winter-fires. 1770 L. Carter Diary 23 Nov. (1965) I. 525 This seems to be the only inconveniency in this way of winter rotting [of flax]. 1640 J. Parkinson Theatrum Botanicum vii. iii. 819 (heading) Barbarea. Winter Cresses, or rather Winter Rocket. 1758 R. Dodsley Preceptor (ed. 3) II. 228 They [sc. swallows] are generally found near Rocks or watery Places, flying weakly about, as it were to try their Wings after their first Revival from their Winter Sleep. 1643 J. Caryl Expos. 3 First Chaps. Iob ii. 309 Some Trees keepe their greenesse and their leaves, winter and summer. 1643 R. Gentilis tr. G. Diodati Pious Annot. Holy Bible (Judges iii. 20) 141/2 According to the custome of great men, who had their Summer rooms, and their Winter rooms. 1709 J. Lawson New Voy. Carolina 108 Winter Queening is a durable Apple, and makes good Cider. 1890 W. D. Howells Boy’s Town 112 The first thing when you woke you tried to catch everybody, and you caught a person if you said ‘Christmas Gift!’ before he or she did; and then the person you caught had to give you a present. Nobody ever said ‘Merry Christmas!’ as people do now. 1737 A. Ramsay Coll. Scots Prov. (1750) 58 It is eith crying yool on anither man’s stool. 1885 G. Allen Babylon II. xxv. 221 The fogs in London had been settling down..over the great grey gloomy winter city. 1838 G. Don Gen. Hist. Dichlamydeous Plants IV. 765/2 Winter sweet marjoram, requires a sheltered, dry soil.., and is usually propagated by slips or cuttings. 1616 P. Hay Vision Balaams Asse 220 A troup of..Choristers: who descending from the Temple of the celestiall Ierusalem, praised God and cheered vp man with a short Christmasse Caroll. 1765 Museum Rusticum IV. 400 Deduct for the ewes winter-feed..3 8 0. 1400 Brut (Rawl. B. 171) 194 (MED) He wolde nouȝt abide in Scotland in wynter seson. 1891 R. Kipling Life’s Handicap iv. 88 Clumps of winter-roses lay between the silver candlesticks. 1869 Glasgow Herald 1 Jan. 6/5 Lord Provost Chambers, at present enjoying a short winter holiday abroad. 1845 Boston Daily Atlas 15 May Fires in the evening are not uncomfortable, and most persons are still winter clad. 1787 J. Woodforde Diary 31 Oct. (1926) II. 354 Mr. Custances Garden brought us this Morning a Basket of Winter Peaches. 1809 Philos. Trans. (Royal Soc.) 99 317 That very common..disease of our climate, the winter cough. 1832 Penny Story-Teller 1 Aug. 1/2 I like this interval between dinner and tea in a winter’s afternoon. 1643 Sir T. Browne Religio Medici (authorized ed.) i. §29 The Jewes that can beleeve the supernaturall solstice of the Sunne in the dayes of Joshua. 1882 Garden 14 Jan. 17/1 The Winter Heath (E[rica] carnea) as a low-growing..shrub is one of the best of all winter blooming plants. 1732 Flower-garden Display’d 106 Winter flowering Pear. 901 Laws of Ælfred §43 xii dagas on gehhol [v.rr. gehol, gehhel, geol]. 1569 Rec. Inverness (New Spalding Club) I. 182 For breking of Yule gerthe and trubling of the towne. 1665 G. Evans Let. 8 Oct. in J. Worthington Diary & Corr. (1855) II. i. 179 Cambridge is almost disuniversitied, and either there will be no winter term, or nothing to do in it. 1773 R. Fergusson Poems 93 For the Yule-feast a sautit mart’s prepar’d. 1580 R. Maitland Sat. Age 45 Thai..yat held grit ȝulis. 1565 J. Calfhill Aunswere Treat. Crosse f. 70 Is not this a reason, that might haue bene fette out of a Christmas pye? 1862 Floral World & Garden Guide Mar. 63/2 The winter rose is Helleborus niger; it will grow in any good garden soil. 1725 H. Bourne Antiquitates Vulgares xiii. 127 Our Fore-Fathers..were wont..to lay a Log of Wood upon the Fire, whlch they termed a Yule-Clog, or Christmas-Block. 1840 Domest. Animals 27 In guarding against cold and wet..consists the principal secret of having..winter eggs. 1846 C. Dickens Pictures from Italy 181 Little tapers, like what are called Christmas candles in England. 1820 Sporting Mag. (N.S.) 6 283 Yule Cake, a kind of spiced cake, often supplies the place of gingerbread. 1819 J. Keats Eve St. Mark 77 The warm angled winter-screen. 1820 H. N. Bell Huntingdon Peerage 382 I tumbled you souse into the hole [in the ice] made for the cows to drink out of, and then gave you a penny, and my new pair of Christmas gloves, not to tell or cry! 1884 J. W. Collins Notes Habits & Methods Capture Sea Birds in Rep. Commissioner 1882 (U.S. Comm. Fish & Fisheries) 330 Of all the birds which visit the fishing-banks the kittiwake gull (‘winter gull’, ‘pinyole’, etc., of the fishermen) is beyond question the most abundant. 1785 T. Pennant Arctic Zool. II. ii. 209 Winter Falcon… With a black bill; yellow cere:..appears at approach of winter, and retires in the spring. 1625 W. Shakespeare & J. Fletcher Two Noble Kinsmen (1634) v. ii. 40 I knew a man Of eightie winters . 1637 B. Jonson Timber 59 in Wks. (1640) III What a deale of cold busines doth a man mis-spend the better part of life in! in scattering complements, tendring visits,..making a little winter-love in a darke corner. 1809 E. A. Kendall Trav. Northern Parts U.S. III. lxx. 109 The vine of a species of pompion called by the colonists winter squash. 1853 Times 11 July 4/5 Condemning poor Irish students to stand the winter with cracked windows and broken tiles. 1580 J. Stow Chrons. of Eng. 714 Henrie Bowfort Duke of Somerset..yeelded Bambrugh on Christmas euen. 1917 Variety 20 July 5/4 Christmas in July. Acting on the suggestion of Bert Kalmar, the Lights in their clubhouse at Freeport, L. I., have decided to celebrate the winter holidays in the summertime. 1908 Observer 23 Aug. 8/5 To encourage aeroplanists..to enter a flying machine contest in connection with the winter Olympic games the inventor of the ‘Aeroway’ device for maintaining equilibrium..offers to give the use of his invention. 1783 J. Latham Gen. Synopsis Birds II. 274 Winter Finch… Found at New York, in the winter. 1848 H. W. Longfellow K. Witlaf’s Drinking-horn viii The Yule-log cracked in the chimney. 1831 J. J. Audubon Ornithol. Biogr. I. 364 The Winter Hawk. Falco hyemalis, Gmel. 1922 A. E. Housman Last Poems (N.Y. ed.) 43 And winterfalls of old Are with me from the past. 1837 C. Dickens Pickwick Papers xxviii. 290 ‘No, I ain’t, Sir,’ replied the fat boy, starting up from a remote corner, where..he had been devouring a Christmas pie. 1644 in Row Hist. Kirk (Wodrow Soc.) p. xxix Knowing that the superstitious dayis of Yool was approching. 1770 A. Young Rural Oeconomy i. 43 20 acres of cabbages, and 10 of clover hay, will winter fatten 80 steers or heifers. 1854 A. Pratt Flowering Plants & Ferns Great Brit. I. 57 C[heiranthus] Cheiri (Common Wall-flower)… Our fathers called it the Winter Gilly-flower,—for it may be seen while wintry winds are still uttering their wild music. 1340 Ayenbite (1866) 213 Ine zuyche festes ase at cristesmesse..hou he wes ybore of þe mayde. 1719 D. Defoe Life Robinson Crusoe 124 The Seasons of the Year might generally be divided, not into Summer and Winter, as in Europe; but into the Rainy Seasons, and the Dry Seasons. 1796 Monthly Rev. Nov. 248 Most of the disaffected or disappointed nobles have their winter residence there [sc. Moscow]. 1870 Newport (Rhode Island) Daily News 20 Dec. The gentlemen who are taking a winter vacation on the top of Mount Washington, appear to be having rather a jolly time of it. 1828 Edinb. Lit. Jrnl. 29 Nov. 42/2 In the ‘Literary Journal’ for Saturday the 27th of December,—which may be considered as our Christmas Number,—our readers, we are sure, will share with us the satisfaction we have in announcing, that they will find articles, in prose and verse by..authors of eminence. 1616 W. Shakespeare Taming of Shrew (1623) Intr. ii. 134 A Christmas gambold, or a tumbling tricke. 1845 Youth’s Compan. 27 Mar. 187/3 Whispering its cheering words into the ear of the winter weary. 1898 C. A. Hobbs Boys of Princeville vi. 81 There they laid her away beneath an oak tree whose few remaining winter-blasted leaves seemed typical of her young life. 1766 J. Cleland Way to Things by Words 96 That kind of verdure which is used to deck the windows, and old halls, we now, by metonymy, call Christmas. 1707 J. Mortimer Whole Art Husbandry 47 In Staffordshire they often give their Lands a Winter fallowing, besides the three summer fallowings. 1805 J. Wilson in Communications to Board of Agric. IV. 150 The winter after that, it [sc. the field] was made a kind of winter fallow, that is, it was ploughed, and harrowed in the winter, which is a silly practice, for this sort of fallowing never kills any trash in the land. 1857 Merry’s Museum 33 85/1 When nurse..said the sun was smiling Christmas in at my window, I..jumped right up, and..ran to say Christmas gift to you. 1720 T. Gordon Humourist I. 225 Mr. Hobbes..made him a warm Winter Coat, which he said must last him three Years. 1802 Comm. Board Agric. Husbandry III. ii. 467 After the land is cleared of the crop, it should be winter ploughed. 1914 North-China Herald 12 Sept. 827/3 In such fields..the winter snipe often swarm and afford the most delightful shooting. 1751 in Accts. Dublin Soc. for Promoting Husbandry (1764) 5 (table) Jan. 18. By the Messengers Christmas Gift—2[l] 18[s] 6[d]. 1863 H. W. Longfellow Musician’s Tale xii. ii, in Tales Wayside Inn 120 Three days his Yule-tide feasts He held. 1802 T. D. Fosbroke Brit. Monachism I. ii. 142 (note) Certain of these officers were allowed gloves and Christmas stockings. 1540 J. Bellenden tr. H. Boece Hyst. & Cron. Scotl. xiii. xiv. f. 198/1 Quhen he wes sittand with his modir on ye Epyphany day at his ȝuyll. 1873 7th Ann. Rep. Superintendent Public Schools of Missouri 28 Before long in Missouri, as in other States, the winter of discontent will yield to an incoming summer of better feeling and more hopeful progress. 1887 York Herald 4 Apr. 6/5 I will provide a suitable treat for the Scarbro’ cabmen—recognised winter drivers, the bath-chair men, [etc.]. 1846 A. R. Fausset tr. Homer in Homer Iliad 161/2 (note) And as when winter-swollen torrents [Gk. χείμαρροι ποταμοί], gushing down from the mountain, commingle their impetuous waters. 1836 New Yorker 5 Nov. 104/1 I had no eye for the scenery, and the prospects of these now winter-clad cliffs.

1632 R. Sherwood Dict. in R. Cotgrave Dict. French & Eng. Tongues (new ed.) A yew-game, or yeule-game, gambade. 1853 W. Sandys Christmastide 143 In some places it seems to have been the custom to dance in the country churches, after prayers, crying out, ‘Yole, yole, yole!’ &c. 1728 R. Castell Villas of Ancients Illustr. i. 24 As Laurentinum was a Winter Villa, this Room seems to have been too open, and expos’d to the Weather. 1832 W. Hone Year Bk. Daily Recreat. & Inform. 5 The winter hellebore usually flowers, in mild weather, about the conversion of St. Paul, January 25th. 1912 Polit. Sci. Q. 27 751 Congress in its winter session would regard favorably the..legislation proposed by the cabinet. 1567 G. Turberville tr. G. B. Spagnoli Eglogs iii. f. 21v I..scarce could kepe my flock aliue and Winter fodder bie. 1637 Bk. Common Prayer Church of Scotl. Table Proper Ps. Yule, or Christmas day. 1880 Vick’s Monthly Mag. Feb. 53/2 Is there a white Cactus that will bloom in winter? I have a pink Cactus now in bloom, called by some Lobster-claw Cactus; by others, Christmas Cactus. I would like a white one, if such exists. 1885 Westm. Rev. July 49 What is now the Christmas log once kept up the fire all night during the sun’s longest absence, in the winter solstice. 1300 Passion our Lord 132 in R. Morris Old Eng. Misc. (1872) 41 Vele wintre hit is ago þe prophete hit seyde. 1866 Jrnl. Soc. Arts 22 June 536/1 182 men in the classes at the commencement of the winter session. 1509 A. Barclay Brant’s Shyp of Folys (Pynson) f. xiiv And hundreth wynter [1570 winters]. 1883 Trans. Royal Soc. Canada 1 iv. 53 The last named [sc. the gyrfalcon] is known as the partridge or winter hawk. 1858 A. Trollope Dr. Thorne II. vii. 127 What did Mr. Oriel think when doomed to eat his Christmas pudding alone? 1916 Metal Worker, Plumber & Steam Fitter 21 Jan. 129/2 It has been a custom to provide Christmas dinners to be sent out to those who are..in need of a Christmas dinner for their family. 1902 Daily Herald (Delphos, Ohio) 3 June No difference could be detected..between the fall and winter pruned trees and those pruned in the spring. 1882 Meteor (Grahamstown, S. Afr.) 27 Nov. 4 Christmas Beetles commenced their monotonous song on Tuesday, November 12. 1756 T. Hale et al. Compl. Body Husbandry v. xii. 213/1 These Cattle being for Sale early in Spring, will always fetch a good Price; but the Winter feeding of them may easily run away with what should be his [sc. the Husbandman’s] Profit. 1616 W. Shakespeare Macbeth (1623) iii. iv. 64 O, these flawes and starts..would well become A womans story, at a Winters fire. 1771 Boston Evening Post 8 Apr. 4/2 (advt.) To be sold by Susanna Renken at her Shop..Lavender, Sage, summer & winter Squash, Musmellon, Hemp. 1855 Arthur’s Home Mag. Oct. 222/1 ‘There grows much bread in the winter night’, is a proverb full of a beautiful significance. 1773 S. Johnson Let. 15 Oct. (1992) II. 101 He..has introduced turnips for winter fodder. 1842 Cleave’s Penny Gaz. 12 Mar. Frederick, who had occupied the throne but a few months,..was on that account called the ‘Winter King’. 1906 Queensland Agric. Jrnl. 17 92 For winter fattened fowls a shed is best for the fattening coops to stand in. 1908 Graphite Feb. 914/1 If the ground hog sees his shadder When he peereth forth today, Please keep on your winter woolies Till about the first of May. 1906 A. Mayer in U.S. Dept. Agric. Farmers’ Bull. No. 261. 11 The actual death of cattle from tick infestation may more easily happen..if these pastures are occupied winter and summer. 1639 J. Clarke Paroemiologia 263 Winter thunder, is old mens wonder. 1889 G. M. Hopkins in Dublin Rev. (1920) July–Sept. 46 They came from the south, Where winter-while is all forgot. 1815 J. F. Stephens Shaw’s Gen. Zool. IX. 367 Winter Bunting (Emberiza hyemalis). 1916 G. A. Chamberlain John Bogardus xxxiv. 279 Here you have one large living-room..and on this side a summer and on that side a winter bedroom. 1706 Observator 25–28 Dec. 2/1 Who first order’d the Windows to be stuck with Christmas? 1677 W. Hubbard Pres. State New-Eng. (1865) I. 165 Some of the stoutest of the Narhagansets that had escaped the Winter-brunt. 1661 T. Fuller Hist. Worthies Eng. (1662) Northumb. 304 The Northern parts call Christmas Yule, (hence the Yule-block, Yule-oakes [read cakes], Yule-songs, &c.). 1175 Ormulum (Burchfield transcript) l. 15594 Fowwerrtiȝ winnterr ȝedenn forþ. & ȝet tær tekenn sexe. 1846 Sharpe’s London Mag. 22 Aug. 267/1 The birds return to their winter-shaken nests. 1783 G. Crabbe Village i. 14 When he tends the sheep, His winter charge. 1659 R. Pittilloh Scotl. Mourning 7 The time of the downsitting of the winter Session or Terme. 1906 T. Hardy Dynasts: Pt. 2nd i. vi. 39 Winter-whitened bones. 1857 Hants. Advertiser 19 Dec. 8/5 Christmas ‘shopping’… All our tradesmen..show by the displays in their shops..that they are fully alive to ‘the season’. 1888 Amer. Law Reg. 36 235 The plaintiff’s injury came from the defendant’s carelessness in cutting a hole through the ice, and leaving it exposed, upon or near a place where there had been a winter road for more than 20 years. 1716 Lady M. W. Montagu Let. 1 Oct. (1965) I. 275 The company are entertain’d with ice in several forms, Winter and Summer. 1903 Washington Post 19 Apr. 11/1 The recent rains had left several of the greens in poor condition, and the winter rules were adopted to obviate these imperfections. 1522 Worlde & Chylde (de Worde) (1909) sig. A.iiiv Now I am .xix. wynter olde. 1839 J. Buel Farmer’s Compan. xvi. 164 English beef and mutton..is mostly winter-fattened..upon roots and straw. 1841 C. Dickens Old Curiosity Shop ii. lii. 86 Store of fire-wood for the winter. 1775 Birth-place 8 The old..Dropt gently, like the winter-bitten leaves, Into the grave. 1850 Ld. Tennyson In Memoriam xxx. 48 We weave The holly round the Christmas hearth. 1868 S. E. Todd Amer. Wheat Culturist ii.156 A great deal of good judgment should be exercised about winter-fallowing very light soils. 1898 E. E. Morris Austral Eng. 513/1 Winter country, in New Zealand (South Island), land so far unaffected by snow that stock is wintered on it. 1892 W. Watson Poems 36 And spectral seem thy winter-boding trees. 1450 in Notes & Queries (1979) Dec. 508 (MED) Þan walnotys and wodebynde and wynturnotys gode, With wylowe and water hathe wonde hit abowte. 1862 Quiver 24 May 113/1 Frank, who had been out, had entered the house with his arms full of holly and ivy… ‘Look at this lot of Christmas, mamma!’ cried he. ‘I have bought it.’ 1717 A. Pope tr. Homer Iliad III. x. 507 His Coursers..white as Winter-Snow. 1786 R. Burns Twa Dogs xxix, in Poems 19 Thro’ Winter’s cauld, or Summer’s heat. 1707 J. Mortimer Whole Art Husbandry 316 Winter sown Seed. 1850 Ld. Tennyson In Memoriam xxviii. 46 They bring me sorrow touch’d with joy, The merry merry bells of Yule . 1849 Cottage Gardener Sept. 345/1 Winter Planting Potatoes.—According to your advice I planted potatoes in winter. 1911 J. A. Thomson Biol. Seasons iv. 333 A survey of the Winter-sleepers seems to show that the life-saving reaction must have arisen by..natural selection. 1904 Outlook 2 Apr. 817 The little trees were a delight to the winter-wearied eye. 1880 Daily Inter Ocean (Chicago) 25 Dec. 7/2 He wound his Christmas scarf around this throat, pulled on his Christmas mittens, and buckled on his Christmas skates. 1873 J. Robinson Check List Ferns N. Amer. North of Mexico No. 3738 Aspidium acrostichoides… Christmas fern.

1450 J. Metham Palmistry (Garrett) in Wks. (1916) 84 (MED) Jon Metham..tranlatyd yt in-to Englysch the xxvti wyntyr off hys age. 1795 W. Cowper Pairing Time 9 It chanced then on a winter’s day, But warm, and bright, and calm as May. 1350 in G. L. Brook Harley Lyrics (1968) 66 Þe þridde ioie of þat leuedy, þat men clepeþ þe Epyphany. 1721 R. Palmer Let. 15 Apr. in M. M. Verney Verney Lett. (1930) II. xxiv. 86 In the Christmas, Easter, and Whitsun holidays, our penny post comes but once a day. 1917 T. Wibberley Farming Factory Lines vii. 93 It is a difficult matter to revive a ‘winter scalded’ crop of corn, but a very simple matter indeed to check any tendency to ‘winter pride’. 1873 W. F. Butler (title) The Wild North Land: Being the story of a winter journey, with dogs, across northern North America. 1884 A. J. Butler Anc. Coptic Churches Egypt I. i. 22 The large Epiphany tank..forms a regular part of a Coptic church. 1629 Orkney Witch Trial in N.B. Advertiser Oct. (1894) If ever the guidman of the hous sould mak ane other yull bankett. 1789 G. White Nat. Hist. Selborne 26 A very large fall of timber, consisting of about one thousand oaks, has been cut… These trees..were winter-cut, viz. in February and March. 1633 G. Herbert Outlandish Prov. (1640) sig. E Every mile is two in winter. 1905 H. Whitaker Probationer 190 The great packs of winter beaver that stand before my tepee. 1616 W. Shakespeare As you like It (1623) ii. i. 7 The..churlish chiding of the winters winde. 1475 J. Russell Bk. Nurture (Harl. 4011) in Babees Bk. (2002) i. 168 Wyntur with his lokkys grey febille & old. 1640 J. Parkinson Theatrum Botanicum ii. lxv. 306 The Garden Mallowes, which we call Hollihockes,..some also as the Dutch men doe Winter Roses, for their beautifull flowers shew themselves, from the end of Sommer untill winter. 1788 G. Washington Diary 20 Feb. (1925) III. 306 At Muddy hole they were..taking up grubs in the Winter fallow of No. 4. 1888 G. Rolleston & W. H. Jackson Forms Animal Life (ed. 2) 634 The ova [of Rotifers] are of three kinds, small male ova, thin-shelled summer ova, and thick-shelled winter or, better, resting ova. 1859 Proc. Royal Geogr. Soc. 3 66 The winter ice, which forms in the rivers, compelled her [sc. a steamer] to start for Mia-tao Strait. 1872 H. C. Bastian Beginnings of Life II. 514 The so-called ‘winter-eggs’ of the beautiful..Rotifer..Hydatina senta. 1787 S. Hoole Edward i. xxiv. 14 Together had they shared their Christmas cake, Their weekly stipend spent, and conned the self-same book. 1687 C. Cotton Poems (1689) 88 I am fifty Winters old. 1819 E. Hammond Mod. Domest. Cookery (ed. 3) 236 Plant out Silesia and cos lettuce from the winter bed. 1890 J. R. Furlong Tried & True ii. 28 Oh Christmas! (drops bottle; it breaks) We’re cotched sure! 1820 J. Keats Fancy in Lamia & Other Poems 125 The snake all winter-thin Cast on sunny bank its skin. 1869 Ld. Tennyson Passing of Arthur 221 The winter moon, Brightening the skirts of a long cloud. 1817 O. Evans To his Counsel 4 Observing some blacksmith’s boys in their sport making what they termed Christmas crackers, put water into the breech of a musket barrel, ram down a wad tight, stop the touch hole, and place the breech in the fire. 1840 Connecticut Common School Jrnl. 15 Jan. 105/1 The New England practice of having district schools taught by college-students, during their winter vacation. 1904 St. Nicholas Sept. 1034/1 As a food-fish the winter flounder holds a very high rank. 1440 Bone Flor. 1897 Of seynt Hyllary the churche ys, The twenty day of yowle y wys. 1676 J. Worlidge Vinetum Britannicum 169 Bings-pear, Winter-Poppering, Thorn-pear, [etc.]..are all very good Winter-pears. 1818 A. Fordyce Country Wedding 138 At harvest-home, when winter is brought in. 1175 Ormulum (Burchfield transcript) 1910–15 Crist wass borenn i þiss lif Wiþþ innenn ȝoless moneþþ..þatt wass o þe fifte daȝȝ Att twenntiȝ daȝhess ende. Off ȝol. 1621 R. Burton Anat. Melancholy ii. ii. iv. 346 Masks, singing, dancing, vlegames. 1843 C. Dickens Christmas Carol v. 166 It was always said of him, that he knew how to keep Christmas well, if any man alive possessed the knowledge. 1889 Newport (Rhode Island) Mercury 27 July 6/1 During May, June and July most of the winter-fattened stock has been worked off. 1618 W. Lawson New Orchard & Garden vi. 13 Wall flowers, commonly called..winter-gilly flowers, because they will grow..and abyde the strongest frost and drought, continually greene, and flowring, euen in Winter. 1840 Connecticut Common School Jrnl. June 230/2 The annual examination of all the schools in town about the middle of March, at the close of the Winter term. 1631 J. Donne Serm. (1958) IX. 365 A Christian hath no Solstice..where he may stand still, and goe no farther. 1891 Barr’s Descriptive Catal. Seeds 60 The Christmas Rose is in flower during December and January. To have the blossoms pure white for Christmas decoration, the plants should be protected at the time of flowering. 1858 De Bow’s Rev. July 58 The poet Martial mentions a present of roses from the Pharian gardens to the Emperor, and those, too, of winter flowering roses. 1914 Harper’s Mag. Dec. 38/1 It has been assumed that the winter holiday is undertaken in search of warm weather. 1861 Dict. Daily Wants (new ed.) 887/1 The plants of the first crops should be set two feet apart each way, but the winter-standing crops are better at two feet by eighteen inches. 1887 N.-Y. Daily Tribune 7 Apr. 4/5 Departed are our winter blues, From spring we solace draw. 1816 W. Scott Antiquary II. viii. 219 Ye ken a green Yule makes a fat kirk-yard. 1808 J. Jamieson Etymol. Dict. Sc. Lang. (at cited word) The candle, that is lighted on Yule, must be so large as to burn from the time of its being lighted till the day be done… Hence large candles are by the vulgar called Yule-candles. 1425 Engl. Conquest Ireland (1896) 42 Seynt Tomas-ys day, Apostle, ys þe fyft day afor yold. 1887 Garden 26 Nov. 485/2 The Winter Clover (Mitchella ripens) fruits but rarely; it, however, forms a fine evergreen carpet and is certainly worth including. 1730 J. Thomson Winter in Seasons 215 Thus in some deep retirement would I pass The winter-glooms, with friends of various turn.

1762 W. Kenrick tr. J.-J. Rousseau Emilius & Sophia I. i. 58 You come..to wash them, winter and summer, with it [sc. the water] quite cold. 1915 H. Beaton Benachie 122 Owing to early rising or working late, many a farmer ‘took winter’ sooner than it could have been possible for them otherwise. 1870 J. Yeats Nat. Hist. Commerce 63 In Egypt, wheat is a winter crop. 1851 Argus (Melbourne) 10 May (heading) Winter Country. The undersigned have for sale about 307,000 Acres of first rate Winter Fattening Country, in the Wimmera District. 1648 R. Crashaw Steps to Temple (ed. 2) 56 May the great time, in you, still greater be While all the Yeare is your Epiphany. 1778 Epil. Miss in her Teens in Theatr. Bouquet 70 When winter age had almost caught the Fair, Youth, clad in sunshine, snatch’d her from despair. 1908 Gardeners’ Mag. Jan. 26/3 The average gardener finds the Christmas Daisy—Aster grandiflorus—a disappointing plant indeed,..on account of its very late-flowering season. 1814 S. L. Mitchill Rep. Fishes N.-Y. 387 New-York Flatfish..is called the winter flounder. 1629 J. Parkinson Paradisi in Sole lxxxi. 344 The true blacke Hellebor, or Christmas flower. 1325 Metr. Hom. 101 On feld thar thai woc on yol niht. 1628 J. Carmichaell Coll. Prov. in Scots (1957) No. 1356 Sche is not sa pure as she peips, sche hes a mouse to her winter kitching. 1907 ‘N. Blanchan’ Birds Every Child should Know xv. 215 (heading) Red-shouldered Hawk. Called also: Hen Hawk; Chicken Hawk; Winter Hawk. 1658 tr. G. della Porta Nat. Magick iii. x. 81 The root afterward wil take, & so yeeld us a winter-rose. 1807 Monthly Mag. July 532/2 It is fixed on a single stem, is called winter-clover, much sought after by the Indians, and said strongly to indicate a good soil. 1903 National Mag. Feb. 602 (caption) Scenes in the Florida winter wonderland. 1744 A. Dobbs Acct. Countries adjoining Hudson’s Bay 26 The fat Winter Beaver, kill’d in Winter,..is worth 5 s. 6 d. per Pound. 1842 Ld. Tennyson Morte d’Arthur in Poems (new ed.) II. 18 I..heard..The clear church-bells ring in the Christmas morn. 1900 Essex County Standard 15 Dec. 3/3 As usual in a mild season, we hear certain misgivings about being winter-proud. 1450 Pater Noster Richard Ermyte (Westm. Sch. 3) (1967) 15 (MED) Þe wyntir robe he weriþ in his lordis seruyce, ne spareþ he it noȝt in tempestis ne in stormes. 1795 C. Smith Rural Walks I. ii. 44 This is the black hellebore, or what is commonly called the winter rose. 1717 W. Sutherland Britain’s Glory: Ship-building Unvail’d Introd. p. xiv [They] advise for a Winter’s Felling, that the Timber neither rifts, casts, nor twines, because of the Cold of the Winter. 1745 E. Young Consolation 21 The Crown of Manhood is a Winter-Joy; An Evergreen, that..Blossoms in the Rigour of our Fate. 1743 Sel. Trans. Soc. Improvers Knowl. Agric. Scotl. 37 The Dung of these [sheep] in Summer, with Winter-haining, will keep the Ground in good Heart. 1876 F. K. Robinson Gloss. Words Whitby Yule-sangs, s. pl. Christmas carols. 1878 J. Williamson Ferns of Kentucky Pl. 36 (preceding p. 99) Aspidium acrostichoides..Christmas Shield-Fern. 1625 F. Bacon Ess. (new ed.) 216 They ought..to serue, but for Winter Talke, by the Fire side. 1817 S. R. Brown Western Gazetteer 49 That wheat..never gets winter-killed or smutty. 1617 W. Fennor Compters Common-wealth iv. 27 It is this that makes Newmarket heath, and Royston-dounes about Christmas time so full of high-way men that poore Countrie people cannot passe quietly to their Cottages. 1692 A. Wood Athenæ Oxonienses II. 153 In Mert[on] Coll[ege]..the Fellows annually elected, about S. Edmunds day in November, a Christmas Lord, or Lord of misrule. 1773 G. White Let. 9 Nov. in Nat. Hist. Selborne (1789) 98 The..stock-dove..seldom appearing till towards the end of November; is usually the latest winter-bird of passage. 1707 J. Mapletoft Sel. Prov. 108 Winter never rots in the sky. 1777 J. Brand Observ. Pop. Antiq. 163 The Yule-Dough,..a Kind of Baby or little Image of Paste, which our Bakers used formerly to bake at this Season, and present to their Customers. 1852 Deseret News (Great Salt Lake City, Utah Territory) 25 Dec. The early issue of this No. will give liberty to Christmas keepers, and an earlier pleasure to message readers. 1850 Ld. Tennyson In Memoriam xxx. 48 The winds..We heard them sweep the winter land. 1657 W. Coles Adam in Eden clxviii. 257 The Winter Queening. 1697 J. Dryden tr. Virgil Æneis ix, in tr. Virgil Wks. 491 When..bellowing Clouds..with an armed Winter strew the Ground. 1650 H. Norwood Voy. Virginia in Churchill’s Coll. Voy. (1732) (modernized text) VI. 153/1 Allowing some privilege to the captain’s mess, we met no obstruction, but did peaceably enjoy our Christmas pudding. 1709 A. Pope Chaucer’s January & May in Poet. Misc.: 6th Pt. 183 The tastless, dry Embrace, Of a stale Virgin with a Winter Face. 1860 National Mag. 7 278/2 Then Winter’s hoary, aged head, Lies with his kindred low. 1634 W. Wood New Englands Prospect i. ii. 7 English Wheate and Rye proves better, which is Winter sowne. 1889 Milwaukee (Wisconsin) Daily Jrnl. 5 June In one group [of legislators]..were seen Messrs. Watson, Schuler, Mead and Babcock, who were retailing winter stories on this fair summer morn. 1763 E. Wigglesworth Doctr. Reprobation briefly Considered Pref. sig. A2 Some time before the last winter vacation. 1906 Commonw. Austral. Parl. Deb. 1906 32 1437/1 The absence of a rule providing for a winter vacation in South Australia. 1638 Bp. J. Wilkins Discov. New World (1707) xiv. 114 Arts are not yet come to their Solstice. 1817 W. Kirby & W. Spence Introd. Entomol. II. xxvi. 443 A bright sun imparted animation to troops of the winter gnat (Trichocera hiemalis, Meig.), which frisked under every bush. 1911 Psyche 18 82 ‘Christmas bush’..attracts lots of insects of all orders and is very common near roads all over the island… In the second letter Prof. Urich informed me that the ‘Christmas bush’ is the composite Eupatorium odoratum. 1877 Jrnl. Forestry & Estates Managem. 1 261 At that time the forest was again cleared, and no animal except deer admitted from the 11th November until the 23rd April (old style), which period was called the Winter Haining. 1779 J. Abercrombie Brit. Fruit-gardener 219 As soon as a tree is thus Winterpruned, let it be directly nailed regularly to the wall. 1888 J. M. E. Saxby Lads of Lunda 210 Such bounty, in the form of Yule-fare, as the folks are pleased to bestow. 1759 G. Clough Let. 30 Sept. in Hist. Coll. Essex Inst. (1861) III. 104/1 Cold weather..will make us..put on our Winter Clothing. 1900 Secret Service 31 Aug. 9/2 The frigidity of winter had not yet passed away. 1733 A. Pope Corr. 10 June (1956) III. 374 I hope to see you..before this Winter-flower is faded. I will defer her interment till to-morrow night. 1864 Prior in Athenæum 2 Jan. 10/2 [Mistletoe] ripened its snow-white fruit just at Yule-time. 1796 R. Burns Poems & Songs (1968) II. 889 And dawin it is dreary, When birks are bare at Yule. 1722 E. Lisle Observ. Husbandry (1757) 93 Sow old wheat at the first and earliest sowing, if you fear winter-pride. 1649 B. Gerbier 1st Lect. Cosmogr. 2 The Summer and Winter, the long and the short days. 1863 J. Moreton Life & Work in Newfoundland 82 Their houses in the woods, named winter tilts, and required only to serve for one winter’s use, are of very simple construction. 1868 G. Gall Diary (National Rec. Scotl. RH4/55) 1 Sept. We managed to make winter before night came. 1901 M. C. Dickerson Moths & Butterflies i. 49 It will be a matter of a few hours only before the glorious Black Swallowtail will come forth, ready for a life of sunshine and flowers after its long winter sleep. 1864 R. Chambers Bk. of Days II. 755/2 In old times, plum-pottage was always served with the first course of a Christmas-dinner.

1690 C. Mather Wonderful Wks. God Commemorated App. sig. D3 It was credibly affirmed, that in the Winter of the Year 1688, there fell a Red Snow. 1907 Jrnl. Royal Hort. Soc. 32 14 Constant raking and rolling after such winter fallow will do wonders. 1840 North Amer. & Daily Advertiser (Philadelphia) 7 Dec. The starved, neglected, and winter-chilled orphan. 1818 Investig. Policy of Ministers 39 The warm summer of prosperity was followed by the winter of discontent. Severe distresses and difficulties spread throughout the country. 1848 G. F. Ruxton Life in Far West (1849) ii. 57 The pasture for their winter-starved animals. 1861 J. Sylvester Garland of Christmas Carols ii. 77 The ‘Gloria in Excelsis’ is sung in Roman Catholic chapels..at midnight on Christmas Even. 1616 W. Shakespeare Henry VI, Pt. 2 (1623) v. v. 6 Salsbury,..That Winter Lyon, who in rage forgets Aged contusions. 1920 Mixer & Server 15 Nov. 53/2 Beside the winter wasted tree I sat alone with memory. 1775 G. Cartwright Jrnl. Resid. Coast Labrador 7 Apr. (1792) II. 61 The water being open, I saw many winter-ducks; also one flock of king-ducks. 1632 W. Lithgow Totall Disc. Trav. x. 501 The best, and most bountiful Christmasse-keepers..that euer I saw in the Christian World. 1850 London Jrnl. Med. 2 645 It has been found that in hybernating animals, at the commencement of the winter-sleep, the pulsations of the heart subsided from 200 to 50 in a minute. 1785 W. Cowper Tirocinium in Task 210 Ere sixteen winters old. 1913 E. R. Parsons Parsons on Dry Farming xiii. 120 When the ground underneath the plow sole is tough..it can be deep plowed and winter-fallowed to reduce the lumps. 1786 J. Beekman Let. 13 Mar. in Beekman Mercantile Papers (1956) III. 1064 The perfect Stagnation of Trade during the Winter Months. 1756 P. Browne Civil & Nat. Hist. Jamaica ii. ii. 267 Ruellia… Christmas Pride. This plant is very common about Spanish Town..; where it generally blows in the months of December and January. 1914 A. G. Chater tr. F. Nansen Through Siberia v. 109 A nyelma, 3 feet 6½ inches long, was eighteen winters old, while another, 20¾ inches long, was nine winters old. 1842 J. C. Loudon Suburban Horticulturist 677 [Celery] is..cultivated as a winter salad. 1923 N. C. Britton & J. N. Rose Cactaceae IV. 178 This species has been cultivated widely for many years under various names. It was introduced into cultivation in 1818 and..has since been a great favorite as a household plant, blooming freely about the end of the year, hence the name Christmas cactus. 1771 G. Washington Diary 20 Nov. (1925) II. 43 Began to Plant Cuttings of the Winter Grape. 1909 Pop. Mech. Jan. 36/2 One of her most dreaded duties is to rise in the cold, grey dawn of a winter’s morning to prepare an early breakfast. 1877 E. Peacock Gloss. Words Manley & Corringham, Lincs. Winter-rig, to plough land up into ridges so that the soil may be more fully subjected to the winter frosts. 1804 T. Bewick Hist. Brit. Birds II. 360 (heading) Pintail Duck. Sea Pheasant, Cracker, or Winter Duck. 1842 J. W. Loudon Ladies’ Mag. Gardening 146 One of the most beautiful of the winter Heaths is that appropriately named Erica hyemalis, with a profusion of blush-coloured flowers. 1712 R. Steele Spectator No. 509. ⁋3 The Beadles and Officers have the Impudence at Christmas to ask for their Box. 1915 W. Cather Song of Lark ii. v. 198 The old lady said that such sudden mildness..presaged a sharp return of winter, and she was anxious about her apple trees. 1719 D. Defoe Life Robinson Crusoe 214 This being the Southern Solstice, for Winter I cannot call it. 1616 W. Shakespeare As you like It (1623) ii. vii. 175 Blow, blow, thou winter winde. 1661 J. Burton Hist. Eriander 197 The spring is come… By whose indulgent heat the flowers do creep With the chill Dormouse from their winter sleep. 1727 D. Lewis Philip of Macedon ii. v. 26 Like a Bark upon a Winter-Ocean. 1915 E. Sitwell Mother 16 Her ice-cold breast was winter-white. 1646 E. Drapes Plain Discov. Beame in Master Edwards Eye 13 It is but a winter storie, and false report. 1906 J. Foord Decorative Plant & Flower Stud. facing Pl. XXVIII. The Hollyhock blooms from midsummer till late autumn, in sheltered positions even lingering into the winter, which, with the rose-like formation of the double flower, gave rise to its old name, the ‘Winter Rose’. 1742 E. Young Complaint: Night the Second 18 The winter Rose must blow, the Sun put on A brighter Beam in Leo. 1914 Harper’s Mag. Nov. 822 O winter of my heart—when comes the spring? 1790 N. Webster Farmer’s Catechizm 9 in Little Reader’s Assistant Is not clover liable to be winter-killed? 1811 National Intelligencer (Washington) 31 Dec. (advt.) Also for Sale, best Winter Oil. 1648 R. Herrick Hesperides sig. Z Kindle the Christmas Brand and then Till Sunne-set, let it burne. 1660 R. Coke Elements Power & Subjection v. iv. 265 in Justice Vindicated As we see in Foxes about the Brumall solstice. 1653 I. Walton Compl. Angler To Rdr. sig. A 7 Winter-flies, all Anglers know,..are as useful as an Almanack out of date. 1841 Edinb. New Philos. Jrnl. 31 242 When they are of a rosaceous tinge, I look upon them as winter-eggs, analogous to those of many of the Rotiferæ. 1616 W. Shakespeare As you like It (1623) v. iv. 134 You and you, are sure together, As the Winter to fowle Weather. 1841 A. Pritchard Hist. Infusoria 351 The egg is worthy of notice, having sometimes a smooth soft shell, at others a hard spinous one; the latter is termed the winter ovum. 1794 R. J. Sulivan View of Nature I. 410 It is at the solstices that we have the lowest tides in the year. 1651 N. Bacon Contin. Hist. Disc. Govt. 6 The worst of his fate was, to live to his Winter age. 1867 Salt Lake Daily Tel. (Great Salt Lake City, Utah Territory) 13 Nov. There are the winter peaches still left us upon the trees, firm, not ripened. Their time is December. 1923 Music Trades 14 Apr. 47/1 Jimmie wanted a banjo. Nothing else would make his Christmas stocking complete. 1628 World Encompassed by Sir F. Drake 64 Notwithstanding it was in the height of Summer..we could..haue beene contented to haue kept about vs still our Winter clothes. 1739 J. Belcher Let. in Coll. Mass. Hist. Soc. (1894) 6th Ser. VII. 250 You say nothing, brother, of the rocquelo I wrote for, which I very much want, because I have none fit to wear this winter. 1782 J. Priestley Hist. Corruptions Christianity II. viii. 133 The Epiphany..is observed in the East. 1921 Trans. Amer. Fisheries Soc. 50 ii. 363 In our southern markets, Baltimore and Washington, the gizzard shad is sold as winter shad. 1729 P. Walkden Diary 24 Dec. (1866) (modernized text) 85 A yule loaf, 3d. 1667 Act 19 & 20 Charles II c. 8 §10 in Statutes of Realm (1963) V. 638 The time of the Winter heyning (that is to say) from the Eleventh day of November to the Three and twentieth day of Aprill. 1707 J. Mortimer Kallendar Jan. in Whole Art Husbandry Apples… Winter Pearmain… Pears. Winter Musk,..Winter Norwich,..Winter Burgamot, Winter Bon-Chrestien. 1793 Orphan Sisters I. v. 48 Her uncle’s winter stories of their usual length. 1918 J. McMillan Mocking Bird’s Breed 51 She turned to the warmth of his friendship like a winter-beaten little bird turns to the glow of a Florida sun. 1678 J. Ray tr. F. Willughby Ornithol. 350 The Winter-Mew [L. larus fuscus sive Hybernus], called in Cambridge-shire the Coddy-Moddy. 1884 W. Besant Dorothy Forster xiii The tables were covered with Yule-cakes, which are, in the north, shaped like a baby, and Christmas pies in form of a cradle. 1747 Rules & Statutes Govt. Hertford Coll. 156 Going out thus Armed,..every Morning of the two long Winter Terms. 1762 J. Mills New Syst. Pract. Husbandry I. 466 The gray and other large winter peas. 1740 T. Smith Jrnl. in Jrnls. T. Smith & S. Deane (1849) 268 I believe no man ever knew so winter-like a spell so early in the year. 1755 B. Martin Mag. Arts & Sci. 192/3 These two Points are called the Solstices. 1719 W. M. Royal Invitation 24 The Soldier leaves his Winter blasted Bed. 1763 Museum Rusticum (1764) I. 33 Let the land be then Winter-fallowed. 1763 W. Shenstone Wks. Verse & Prose (1764) I. 166 When will relenting Delia chase The winter of my soul? 1751 J. Free Poems 77 The Din of War is o’er—One blest Event Hath clos’d the Winter of our Discontent. 1878 S. Phillips On Seaboard 74 And many a Yule since..You chose a spray all brightly berried over. 1799 J. Robertson Gen. View Agric. Perth 146 When the wheat is winter-proud, which commonly happens after a mild season.., that luxuriance..ought to be checked by eating it down with sheep. 1802 W. Forsyth Treat. Fruit-trees vii. 87 Epine d’Hyver (the Winter Thorn Pear)..is in eating about the latter end of December. 1752 P. Miller Gardeners Dict. (ed. 6) at Azalea Winter-bloom, or American Upright Honeysuckle. 1282 Yorksh. Inquis. (Yorks. Rec. Soc. 1892) I. 244 [The same pays 12d. at Christmas, which is called] Yolstoch. 1904 R. Bridges Demeter i. 282 I think he watch’d a summer-butterfly Creep out all crumpled from his winter-case. 1806 B. M’Mahon Amer. Gardener’s Cal. 587/2 Select List of Fruit-Trees… Pear… Winter Fruit… Green Rennet. 1873 ‘Mrs. Alexander’ Wooing o’t II. x. 223 Christmas Day was all that Christmas Day ought to be—clear, crisp, bright. 1828 W. Carr Dial. Craven (ed. 2) II. Dialogues 289 I’ve hardly ony gerse o’th’ land, at I winter-ferr’d, grund war seea kizzin’d.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *